The Fruits and Virtues of Prayer

The Fruits and Virtues of Prayer

The Fruits and Virtues of Prayer

1- It was prescribed in the heavens the night the Prophet (peace be upon him) ascended to the heavens, while the commands for the remaining acts of worship were revealed to the Prophet (peace be upon him) on earth. This indicates its great importance, sacredness and status.

2- It is the only pillar which is repeated five times each day, and it is never waved except for a woman experiencing her menstrual period or post partum bleeding.

3- It is the one of the most virtuous and most beloved of deeds to Allah as the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “…know that the best of your deeds is the prayer, and only a true believer maintains the state of ablution.” (Ahmad)

4- It is the backbone of Islam, and brings pleasure to the eyes of pious. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “The most important of all matters is Islam, its backbone is the prayer, and its highest level is Jihad for the sake of Allah.” (Ahmad)

The Fruits And Virtues Of Prayer

5- It is a proof of one’s Islam, a sign of belief, and it preserves a person’s blood from being shed. Allah says what means “But if they repent [by rejecting Shirk (polytheism) and accept Islamic Monotheism], perform Prayer (Iqamat-as- Salat) and give Zakat, then they are your brethren in religion.” (At-Tawbah: 2)

6- It is a sign of honesty and frees a person from hypocrisy. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Whosoever prays forty days with the congregation, attending the initial (Allahu Akbar) of the prayer will be free of two things: Hellfire and hypocrisy.” (Ahmad)

7- It is the best issue to be occupied with, the most profitable business, and the most likely amongst all acts of worship to cause a person to become humble and submissive. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Prayer is the best thing to be occupied with, so whoever is able to perform much of it then let him do so.” (Ahmad)

8- It is a command from Allah, an advice of the Prophet (peace be upon him), and a feature which distinguishes the people of Islam and faith. Allah Almighty says what means, “Guard strictly (five obligatory) As- Salawat (the prayers) and stand before Allah with obedience.” (Al-Baqarah: 238)

9- It elevates the ranks and expiates sins, as the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Tell me, if there were a river in front of one’s house in which he would bath five times a day, would any dirt remain on him? They said: “No dirt will remain on him.” He then said, “That is the example of the five daily obligatory prayers, for through them Allah erases sins.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

10- It secures one from the Hellfire, protects against danger, and makes a person win Paradise. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “The one who prays before sunrise (Fajr prayer) and before sunset (`Asr prayer) will not enter the Hellfire.” (Muslim)

11- It is a sign for success and victory and an indication of being accepted. Allah Almighty says, “Successful indeed are the believers. Those who offer their Salat (prayers) with all solemnity and full submissiveness,” (Al- Mu’minun: l-2) and also, “…and those who strictly guard their (five compulsory congregational) Salawat (prayers) (at their fixed stated hours). These are indeed the inheritors. Who shall inherit the Firdaus (Paradise). They shall dwell therein forever.” (Al-Mu’minun: 9-11)

12- It is the first thing for which the slave will be held accountable. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “The first thing for which the slave will be held accountable for on the day of Resurrection is his prayer; if it is good (by performing it properly and on time), then the rest of his deeds will be good, and if it is ruined (by neglecting it), then the rest of his deeds will be ruined.” (At-Tabarani)

13- It is a provision for the way, a comfort for the soul and body, a light for the heart, purification for the soul and a sign for salvation. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “O Bilal! Call the Iqamah! Bring us comfort by it!” (Ahmad and Abu Dawud)

14- It frustrates Satan and the disbelievers. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “When the son of Adam recites a verse which recommends him to prostrate and he does, Satan starts crying and says, ‘Woe to me, the son of Adam followed what he was commanded and he will get Paradise as a reward, while I was commanded to prostrate and refused and will enter Hell.” (Muslim)

15- It is a form of expressing appreciation and gratitude, as well as being a treasure full of magnification of Allah glorification and praise of Him. When the Prophet (peace be upon him) was asked about the reason behind his excessive prayer, he (peace be upon him) said, “Shouldn’t I be a thankful slave?!” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

16- It protects against following desires, evil sins and cures from sicknesses, as Allah says, “Verily, As-Salat (the prayer) prevents from Al-Fahsha‘ (i.e. great sins of every kind, unlawful sexual intercourse) and Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism, and every kind of evil wicked deed)” (Al-`Ankabut: 45).

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Pray the optional night prayer, for it is the way of righteous before you; it brings you close to your Lord, prevents you from committing sins, expiates your sins and cures you from sicknesses.” (At-Tirmithi)

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Source: Respond to the Call for Prayer’s book.

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Awrah of Men and Women in Prayer

Awrah of Men and Women in Prayer

Awrah in paryer

Parts that should be covered during prayer.

Almighty Allah says: “O Children of Adam, take your adornment (by wearing proper clothing) for every mosque.” (Al-A`raf 7:31)

Covering the awrah is one of the prerequisites of salah. Allah (glory be to Him) says in the Qur’an:

“O Children of Adam, take your adornment (by wearing proper clothing) for every mosque.” (Al-A`raf 7:31)

The word “adornment” here refers to covering the awrah (private parts to be covered in public), while the word “mosque” means prayer. Therefore, the whole phrase means “Cover your awrah for every prayer”.

Salamah ibn Al-Akwa` (may Allah be pleased with him) said to the Prophet (peace be upon him): “O Messenger of Allah, may I pray in a long shirt?” He said: “Yes, but button it, even with just a thorn.” (Al-Bukhari)

Man’s Awrah

As for men, they have to cover what is between the navel and thighs. But, there is disagreement regarding the navel, thighs and knees. The following hadiths prove that such parts are not part of man’s awrah.

`A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) narrated: “The Prophet was sitting with his thigh exposed when Abu Bakr asked, and received, permission to enter. The same thing happened with `Umar. However, when `Uthman sought permission to enter, the Prophet covered himself with his clothes. When they left, I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, you allowed Abu Bakr and `Umar to enter while your thigh was exposed. But when `Uthman asked permission to enter, you covered yourself with your clothes.’ He said: ‘O `A’ishah, shouldn’t I be shy of a man even the angels, by Allah, feel bashful in his presence’?” (Ahmad and Al-Bukhari)

Ibn Hazm says: “It is correct to say that the thigh is not part of awrah. Saying otherwise will conflict with the fact that Allah allowed His Prophet (peace be upon him), who is protected (from sin), to uncover his thigh so that Anas and others could see it. Allah (glory be to Him) would have kept him from doing this.”

According to Jabir, when the Prophet (peace be upon him) was young (before his Prophethood), he was once carrying the stones of the Ka`bah, wearing only a loincloth. His uncle Al-`Abbas said to him: ‘O nephew, why don’t you untie your waistcloth and put it on your shoulder for padding?’ The Prophet did so and fell unconscious. He was never seen naked again after that.”‘ (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Ibn Hazm mentions that Hubair Ibn Al-Huwairith looked at Abu Bakr’s thigh when it was uncovered.

However, the following hadith show that the thighs and so on are part of `awrah:

Muhammad Jahsh reported: “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) passed by Ma’mar while his thighs were uncovered. He said to him: ‘O Ma’mar, cover your thighs, for they are (part of) `Awrah.” (Ahmad)

Women’s Awrah

There is no such controversy over what constitutes a woman’s awrah. It is stated that her entire body is awrah and must be covered, except her hands and face. Allah (glory be to Him) says in the Qur’an:

And to display of their adornment only that which is apparent (do not expose any adornment or beauty save the hands and face). (An-Nur 24:31)

It has been authentically related on the authority of Ibn `Abbas, Ibn `Umar and `A’ishah that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Allah does not accept the prayer of an adult woman unless she wears a head covering (full hijab).” (Agreed upon)

It is related from Umm Salamah that she asked the Prophet: “Can a woman pray in a long shirt (like a night shirt) and head covering without a loincloth?” He said: “If the shirt is long and flowing and covers the top of her feet (i.e. she is allowed to do do).”  (Abu Dawud)

It is also narrated that `A’ishah was asked about the kinds of garments a woman is allowed to pray in, she answered: “Ask `Ali ibn Abu Talib and then tell me what he says.” `Ali’s answer was, “In a head cover and a long flowing shirt.” On conveying this reply to `A’ishah, she said, “He has told the truth.”

Women’s clothes must cover the awrah, even if they are tight enough to highlight those features. If the clothes are so transparent that one’s skin color can be seen, they are not suitable for prayer.

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Source: onislam.net.

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