What Do the Prophet’s Traditions Say about Jesus?

What Do the Prophet’s Traditions Say about Jesus?

Allah (Exalted be He) selected the finest amongst humanity as messengers whom He sent to His creation with specific legislations: for them to worship and obey Allah and to establish His Religion and His tawheed (Oneness of Allah) in His Lordship, Worship, and Names and Attributes. This is how the Muslim believes in Allah’s messengers.

jesus

Muslims believe that Jesus will return before the Day of Judgment to bring justice and peace to the world.

And We sent not before you (O Muhammad) but men to whom We inspired, so ask the people of the reminder (Scriptures) if you do not know. And We did not create them (the messengers, with) bodies that ate not food, nor were they immortal. (Al-Anbiyaa’ 21:7-8)

Therefore, one must believe in all of God’s prophets and that they were purely and truly only human in nature; they were not supernatural beings.

`Umar ibn Al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Faith is to believe in Allah and His angels and His Books and His Messengers and in the Last Day, and in divine destiny, both in its good and in its evil aspects.” (Muslim)

Allah says:

Lo! those who disbelieve in Allah and His messengers, and seek to make distinction between Allah and His messengers, and say: We believe in some and disbelieve in others, and seek to choose a way in between; Such are disbelievers in truth; and for disbelievers We prepare a shameful doom. (An-Nisaa’ 4:150,151)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Send peace and blessings upon the Prophets and Messengers of Allah, for He (Allah) has sent them (to people) as He (Glory be to Him) sent me.” (Al-Albani)

God’s Word

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said, “He who bears witness that there is no true god except Allah, alone having no partner with Him, that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger, that `Isa (Jesus) is His slave and Messenger and he (Jesus) is His Word which He communicated to Maryam (Mary) and His spirit which He sent to her, that Paradise is true and Hell is true; Allah will make him enter Jannah (Paradise) accepting whatever deeds he accomplished”. (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Between Jesus and Muhammad

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said, “Both in this world and in the Hereafter, I am the nearest of all the people to Jesus, the son of Mary. The prophets are paternal brothers; their mothers are different, but their religion is one.” (Al-Bukhari)

Ibn `Abbas narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “I saw Moses, Jesus and Abraham (on the night of my Ascension to the heavens). Jesus was of red complexion, curly hair and a broad chest. Moses was of brown complexion, straight hair and tall stature as if he was from the people of Az-Zutt.” (Al-Bukhari)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: There is no prophet between me and him, that is, Jesus (peace be upon him). He will descent (to the earth). When you see him, recognize him: a man of medium height, reddish fair, wearing two light yellow garments, looking as if drops were falling down from his head though it will not be wet. He will fight the people for the cause of Islam. He will break the cross, kill swine, and abolish jizyah. Allah will perish all religions except Islam. He will destroy the Antichrist and will live on the earth for forty years and then he will die. The Muslims will pray over him. (Abu Dawud)

Virtues of Jesus

Abu Hurairah narrated that the Messenger of Allah said, ‘I am the most close to Jesus, son of Mary, from among the whole of mankind in this worldly life and the next life.’ ‘They said: Allah’s Messenger how is it?’ Thereupon he said: ‘Prophets are brothers in faith, having different mothers. Their religion is, however, one, and there is no Prophet between us (between me and Jesus Christ).” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “When any human being is born. Satan touches him at both sides of the body with his two fingers, except Jesus, the son of Mary, whom Satan tried to touch but failed, for he touched the placenta-cover instead.”

About Maryam (Mary), the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Many a man achieved perfection, but no woman achieved perfection except for Maryam (Mary), the daughter of `Imran, and Asiyah, the wife of Pharaoh…” (At-Tirmidhi)

Jesus’ Return

Muslims believe that Jesus will return before the Day of Judgment to bring justice and peace to the world.

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon) said, “Dajjal (the Antichrist) will appear in my Ummah and he will stay in the world for forty. I do not know whether this will be forty days or forty months or forty years. Allah will then send (Prophet) ‘Isa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary). ‘Isa will pursue him and slaughter him. Then people will survive for seven years (i.e., after the demise of ‘Isa) in the state that there will be no rancour between two persons…. (Muslim)

This Islamic belief about Jesus is similar to the belief of some of the early Christians.

In the Qur’an, God addresses the Christians about Jesus in the following way:

O People of the Book, do not commit excesses in your religion, and do not say anything about God except the truth: the Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, was nothing more than a messenger of God, His word, directed to Mary and a spirit from Him. So believe in God and His Messengers and do not speak of a ‘Trinity’– stop (this), that is better for you– God is only one God, He is far above having a son, everything in the heavens and earth belongs to Him and He is the best one to trust. (An-Nisaa’ 4:171)

 

_____________________

Soucre Link

Muhammad’s Claim to Prophethood

Muhammad’s Claim to Prophethood

By Imam Mufti

prophethoodMuhammad’s Claim to Prophethood

Was He Insane?

Someone who has dealt with the mentally ill knows people can be identified by their symptoms.  Muhammad displayed no symptom of insanity at any time in his life  No friend, wife, or family member suspected or abandoned him due to insanity.  As for the effects of revelations on the Prophet, such as perspiration and the likes, it was due to the intensity of the Message which he had to bear and not due to any epileptic fit or instance of insanity…

Quite to the contrary, Muhammad preached for a long time and brought a Law unknown in its completeness and sophistication to ancient Arabs.  If the prophet was insane, it would have been obvious to those around him at one point in a period of twenty-three years.  When in history did an insane man preach his message to worship One God for ten years, three of which he and his followers spent in exile, and eventually became the ruler of his lands?  Which insane man has ever won the hearts and minds of people who met him and earned the respect of his adversaries?

More so, his closest companions, Abu Bakr and Umar were recognized for their abilities, nobility, skills, and finesse.  They were willing to sacrifice anything for the religion he brought.  On one occasion, Abu Bakr, brought all his material possessions to Muhammad, may the mercy and blessings of God be upon him, and when asked what he left for his family, responded, ‘I left for them God and His Messenger!’

Abu Bakr, a merchant by profession, after being elected the ruler of all of Arabs after Muhammad, spent a mere two dirham on himself and his family!

Umar became the ruler of Arabia after Abu Bakr and conquered Syria, Egypt, and subdued the Persian and Roman Empires.  He was a man known for his scrupulous justice.  How can someone suggest these people were following a mentally deranged individual?

God suggests: stand before God without bias or pre-conceived beliefs, and discuss it with another person or think about it yourself, this prophet has no madness, he is as stable today as you had known him for forty years.

“Say: ‘I counsel you one thing only: Be (ever­ conscious of) standing before God, whether you are in the company of others or alone; and then bethink yourselves (that) there is no madness in (this prophet,) your fellow-man: he is only a warner to you of suffering severe to come.’” (Saba’ 34:46)

The Meccans of old rejected his call out of tribal partisanship, and they were not truthful in their accusations of his insanity. Even today, many people refuse to accept Muhammad as a prophet simply because he was an Arab and self-gratify themselves by saying he must have been insane or worked for the devil.  Their hatred for Arabs translates into their rejection of Muhammad, even though God says:

“Nay, but he (whom you call a mad poet) has brought the truth; and he confirms the truth of (what the earlier of God’s) message-bearers (have taught).” (As-Saffat 37:37)

Prophethood

Although the pagan Arabs knew Muhammad all too well, but they still through accusations of insanity at him, for they considered his religion a sacrilege against the tradition of their forefathers.

“And when our verses are recited to them as clear evidences, they say, ‘This is not but a man who wishes to avert you from that which your fathers were worshipping.’  And they say, ‘This is not except a lie invented.’  And those who disbelieve say of the truth when it has come to them, ‘This is not but obvious magic.’  And We had not given them any scriptures which they could study, and We had not sent to them before you, (O Muhammad), any warner.  And those before them denied, and they (the people of Mecca) have not attained a tenth of what We had given them.  But they (i.e., the former peoples) denied My messengers, so how (terrible) was My reproach.” (Saba’ 34:43-45)

Was He A Poet?

God mentions their accusation in the Quran and responds to it:

“Or do they say (of you), ‘A poet for whom we await a misfortune of time?’  Say, ‘Wait, for indeed I am, with you, among the waiters.’  Or do their minds command them to (say) this, or are they a transgressing people?  Or do they say, ‘He has made it up?’  Rather, they do not believe.” (At-Tur 52:30-32)

Prophethood

God describes the poets of that time so the Prophet can be compared with them:

“And as for the poets – (they, too, are prone to deceive themselves: and so, only) those who are lost in grievous error would follow them.  Art thou not aware that they roam confusedly through all the valleys (of words and thoughts)[1], and that they (so often) say what they do not do (or feel)?  (Most of them are of this kind -) save those who have attained to faith, and do righteous deeds, and remember God unceasingly, and defend them­selves (only) after having been wronged, and (trust in God’s promise that) those who are bent on wrong­doing will in time come to know how evil a turn their destinies are bound to take!” (Ash-Shu`ara’ 26:224-227)

Arabian poets were the furthest from the truth, speaking of wine, womanizing, war, and leisure, unlike the Prophet who invites to good manners, serving God, and helping the poor. Muhammad followed his own teachings before anyone else unlike the poets of old or philosophers of today.

The Quran which the Prophet recited was unlike any poetry in its style.  The Arabs of the time have strict rules in regards to rhythm, rhyme, syllables and endings to each verse of poetry.  The Quran did not conform to any of the rules which were known in the time, but at the same time, it surpasses any type of text which the Arabs had ever heard.  Some of them actually became Muslims after hearing only a few verses of the Quran, due to their certain knowledge that the source of something so beautiful as it could not be any created being.

Muhammad was never known to have composed a poem before Islam or after prophethood.  Rather, the Prophet had a sever dislike for it.  Compilations of his statements, called Sunna, have been diligently preserved and are completely different in its literary content than the Quran.  The store-house of Arabic poetry do not contain any couplets by Muhammad.

Prophethood

Was He A Sorcerer?

Prophet Muhammad never learned or practiced sorcery.  On the contrary, he condemned the practice of sorcery and taught his followers how to seek protection against it.

Sorcerers have a strong relationship with the devil.  Their partnership allows them to deceive people.  Devils propagate lies, sins, obscenities, immorality, evil, and they destroy familys.  The Quran clarifies those upon whom the devils descend:

“Shall I inform you upon whom the devils descend?  They descend upon every sinful liar.  They pass on what is heard, and most of them are liars.” (Ash-Shu`ara’ 26:221-223)

Prophet Muhammad was known and recognized to be a man of integrity true to his word who was not known to have ever lied.  He commanded good morals and fine manners.  No sorcerer in world history has brought a scripture like the Quran or a Law like his.

———

Footnotes:

[1] The idiomatic phrase is used, as most of the commentators point out, to describe a confused or aimless – and often self-contradictory – play with words and thoughts. In this context, it is meant to stress the difference between the precision of the Quran, which is free from all inner contradictions, and the vagueness often inherent in poetry.

Adapted with editorial adjustments from www.islamreligion.com.

Soucre Link

The Seven Phases of Prophet Muhammad’s Life

The Seven Phases of Prophet Muhammad’s Life

By Javeed Akhter

Muhammad's LifeThe Seven Phases of Prophet Muhammad’s Life

Traditional scholarship divides Prophet Muhammad’s life into Makkan and Madinan phases. This is chronologically valid and represents the two broad aspects of his life before and after the watershed event of the Migration. It is historically important and marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar.

Additionally, I believe Muhammad’s struggle can be naturally divided into seven phases. Each phase brings forth a different aspect of his personality and highlights a different facet of his mission. Studying the Messenger’s mission for its various phases and analyzing its internal dynamics is important as it gives the narrative relevance for today. Since his life is better documented than the lives of other prophets and leaders of major world religions, it is possible to build this analysis on a historical foundation.

The Search for Light in a Period of Darkness: The Seeker of Truth

As his biography (Seerah) is recorded, we find Prophet Muhammad pondering over societal ills for years. The society he was born in was in a state of moral, religious, economic and social chaos. It is difficult to resist drawing analogies between the seventh-century world and the state of human morality in today’s world at the beginning of the new millennium. The nuclear man-woman two-parent family, as a core unit of society, has eroded seriously in the West. Brazen sexual exploitation in the media is commonplace and illicit sex condoned and even accepted. Violence at home, against women, children, and violence in the streets, is frightfully routine.

Substance abuse is widespread, with the United States as the largest consumer of drugs in the world. Alcoholism is rampant, especially among college students, with only feeble attempts being made to address the problem. African- Americans have been liberated as slaves for a century and a half, yet many are still trapped in an unending cycle of poverty and discrimination, which is in a way a form of economic slavery. Because of a system that allows unrestrained growth of wealth without encouraging proper redistribution, economic disparities and injustices continue to grow at an alarming rate.

There are many excellent characteristics in Western societies, especially in the US that include the freedom of thought, speech and assembly, a tolerant attitude toward eccentricities in human nature and an ambition to be a just and compassionate society. These qualities of the ordinary American, however, are not always reflected in the policymakers and political leaders.

The unravelling of the moral fabric in today’s society must weigh heavily on the minds of individuals with insight. They can draw personal solace and inspiration from the Prophet’s life. The Arab tribal society of the Seventh century, whose structure was based on greed, debauchery, and violence, was changed in a very short time, by the Prophet, into a society with one of the highest moral standards in history.

Compassion, humility, devotion to God and egalitarianism replaced the old well-entrenched tribal attitudes of pride in wealth, family and class and self-centred behaviour. Women, for the first time in history, had rights and dignity, and the vulnerable and weak sections of the society were protected. Sexuality was removed from public prurience and became private and wholesome. Wealth was re-circulated so that even the poorest segments of the society were infused with energy and indigence became nearly extinct.

The Warner and Exhorter

During one of his meditative trips to a cave near Makkah, Prophet Muhammad receives the revelation. Divine revelation is the reaffirmation of the fact that celestial knowledge is essential in guiding the inherently limited human intellect. The profundity of this realization that he is the recipient of this divine revelation and the enormity of the task ahead overawes him. Initially, he shares the message only with his closest family and a few loyal supporters. It is both fascinating and revealing that even the individual who would later be rated as the most influential man in human history had these initial periods of doubt and uncertainty about his mission. It was the reassurance from the Quran and the confidence and support of his wife Khadijah (may Allah be pleased with her), and his close companions which provided him with the support he needs-surely a lesson for us lesser mortals!

The Stoic Optimist

The next facet of his life is of bringing about proactive change by inviting people (Dawa) to Islam. With it comes the inevitable hostility of the entrenched powers in the society. Change is always threatening, and the greater the change, the more threatening it is. This would be true of the change against any established system of practices, whether it be economic, social or behavioural. It would also be true for change in personal behaviour like wearing immodest clothing, promiscuity, and consumption of intoxicants.

Changing attitudes that valued pride in wealth and country or class and colour of the skin overall else would also be difficult. Not surprisingly the struggle for change becomes life-threatening. Muhammad (Peace be upon him) had to lay his life on the line and on several occasions the nascent Muslim community faced the possibility of total extinction. Fortitude in the face of adversity is the salient feature of this phase. The patience and stoicism Muhammad displays during this phase has been a source of strength to many a Muslim who has found himself beleaguered by apparently hopeless circumstances

The Pluralistic Leader

The Migration, which marks the beginning of the next phase, involves careful planning and meticulous execution. He demonstrates that self-help and reliance on Allah go together and are both essential for success. With his nomination by the community in Madinah to a position of leadership, he shows another facet of his personality: the capacity to create a truly pluralistic society with equity and dignity for all religious and ethnic groups.

In a very short period after the Migration to Madinah, Muhammad proves he is capable of uniting various factions and setting exemplary standards of cooperation between them. He makes a seamless switch from being a person under constant persecution to a leader with a large administrative and judicial responsibility. The “Covenant (Constitution) of Madinah” that lays out the rules of living in a pluralistic society is a document that needs to be studied carefully and implemented to the fullest extent in today’s inescapably multi-religious and multi-cultural world.

The Courageous Yet Reluctant Warrior

After a brief respite, his mission is consumed by the need to fight wars of survival. These three wars in four years, Badr, Uhad and Ahzab, besides posing a physical threat, must have been extremely distracting and demanding of his time and energy. Yet the work of building the community goes on.

It is important to remember that even though faced with very aggressive proponents the Prophet and his followers never initiated or instigated any wars. Muhammad and the Muslims engaged in these battles with great discipline, avoiding injury to the innocent and using only the minimum force needed. Women, children and non-combatants were not to be harmed. When the enemy stopped fighting, he was to be given immediate sanctuary.

Striking a blow in anger, even in battle, was prohibited. He uses innovative strategies in the battles, which include the use of the trench as a defence. During the digging of the trench, he is an active participant. He consults frequently (Shura) with his companions and follows the majority opinion (Ijma’), even when it sometimes goes against his own judgment.

The Statesman Par Excellence and Teacher

During the next phase, he shows the capacity to compromise and demonstrates the foresight and wisdom to realize that peace, even at seemingly unfavourable terms, is better than hostility. The “Treaty of Hudaybia” also needs to be studied and emulated by all who negotiate with their opponents. The peace dividend, following this treaty with the Quraysh, is huge and results in an exponential increase in the number of Muslims.

This also allows the building of a model and just society that functions in a coherent manner. Wealth is allowed to be accumulated but has to be circulated fairly into even the tiniest capillaries of the community’s economic system. It is an egalitarian society with equity and justice for all, governed by mutual consultation, equality before the law and protection of its most vulnerable members, women, children, orphans, indigents and slaves.

As illustrated by many incidents from this phase of his life, the Prophet proves to be an exemplary statesman. He mediates disputes, defuses potentially explosive situations with ease, allowing the parties to the conflict to walk away as friends and allies. He is unafraid to take risks but is never reckless and compromises for the sake of peace. His emissaries to other nations bring with them a message of cooperation seeking common ground. When he gives a pledge, he always keeps it. If the other party breaks the pledge, he does not flinch from measures that are appropriate to maintain the sanctity of the pledge.

The Compassionate Ruler and Spiritual Leader.

The final phase begins with the conquest of Makkah, which is a demonstration of meticulous planning and the use of overwhelming force to achieve a victory with practically no loss of life on either side of the battlefront. The stunning magnanimity and humility shown during victory by Muhammad and his companions are unmatched in history. He is humble in victory, compassionate, and forgiving to even his most intractable opponents.

The final sermon consolidates the social, economic, and moral changes that have been brought about in society. It is time to prepare for the end.

The anatomy of the mission, its growth and evolution in some ways parallels the various stages of human life itself. These various phases reflect not only the growing sophistication of the message but also the increasing maturity of the audience to whom the message is directed. The audience grows in its understanding of what it would take to bear the burden of passing on the message to posterity. The Prophet’s mission in its most fundamental analysis was to interpret and spread the Quranic ideology. This Quran centred spirituality remains the constant theme through all of the phases of his life. The Quran says about him “Indeed there is for you in the Messenger of Allah an excellent pattern” (Al-Ahzab 33:21). His wife Ayesha (may Allah be pleased with her) calls him the living embodiment of the Quran. It is this complementary bequest of the Quran and Sunna that is our special blessing.

Over time, many differences based on dogma, politics, personality cults and egos have emerged amongst the followers of Islam. In spite of many heterodox sects, the core messages of the Quran, and its realization in the life of the Prophet are alive and potent and continue to provide spiritual solace, intellectual satisfaction and societal discipline to many making Islam the fastest-growing religion in the world.

———

Javeed Akhter is the Executive Director of the Chicago based International Strategy and Policy Institute and he is the author of the book “The Seven Phases of Prophet Muhammad’s Life.”

Soucre Link

Greet Everyone with a Smile

Greet Everyone with a Smile

By Mohammad Yacoob

smileGreet Everyone with a Smile

A simple act that can make a dramatic difference and help human beings during the most challenging segments of their lives is smiling. The untapped powers of smile when uncovered, inspire people during difficult times. Human beings are part of a naturally smiling species and by using smiling powers can positively impact any situation in life. The three-dimensional ultrasound technology, image shows developing babies appear to smile even in the womb, and continue to smile in response to the sound of the human voice.

Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be to him) on many occasions demonstrated that smiling is good for human beings. His companion, Abdullah ibn Harith, once said in one of the Ahadith, “I never came across a person who smiled as Prophet Muhammad.” Prophet Muhammad regarded smiling to a brother as an act of charity. Another companion, Jarir ibn Abdullah said, “The Messenger of God never refused me permission to see him since I embraced Islam and never looked at me except with a smile (on his face).”

Prophet Muhammad told all of us in a very positive way to smile more, and in the process earn blessings of Allah. A smile is a beautiful and powerful gesture. It conveys the greatest emotional side of life. Smiling is an art. We must change our attitude and frame of mind and learn how to smile better to give the highest positive emotional message to the person we are facing at that very moment. A genuine smile lights up the world. Prophet Muhammad taught this.

Prophet Muhammad said that even a smile is charity, and this hadith I had taken to heart several decades ago and started smiling to display my high Islamic spirits. Putting on a smile while talking to others, reading a book, listening to a humorous anecdote, greeting others, have helped me become more comfortable with others. I have found that the attitude of others changes when you smile; make things happier. This prophetic tradition has helped me become a better person.

Being an engineer and a physicist, I made a decision more than forty years ago, to put my smile to test and conduct an experiment. People sometimes tend to give you a look questioning a smile, feeling threatened by it, posing questions, expressing them through their eyes by rolling their eyes or body gestures. My smile must help bring a little happiness and not pose a threat or questions, so, I augmented it with a gesture of salutation by raising my hand and softly touching my forehead, announcing indirectly the absence of a spurious smile.

I would like to give a few examples from my own life that make me say Alhamdulillah and Allahu Akbar. Once, I pulled my car out of the driveway and got on the street. In front of me, approximately 100 feet away, young neighbourhood boys were playing hockey on the street using hockey sticks and a puck. A hockey puck is a disk that serves the same functions in various games as a ball does. I had unwaveringly made up my mind more than forty years ago that I would smile in the face of a challenging situation.

I could have blown my horn to alert the boys. My earlier experience, based on watching frowning faces of playful boys, hideous glances and taunting words, appeared in front of my eyes, a direct result of horn blowing. The situation needed a smile and a salutation. I slowed down, reduced my speed to less than ten miles, and approached the street crowd. The boys were busy playing. I smiled at one of the boys, who directed others to move. One boy uttered a few words. I turned my face towards him, smiled and raised my hand, positioned it softly on my forehead. His reaction startled me; he shouted directions at other boys. They scrambled and formed two lines, one on each side of the street and saluted me as I was driving away. Allahu Akbar. A smile and the confirmation that I was smiling with sincerity helped communicating with the young boys.

Almost twenty years ago, I got involved in a car accident when a driver cut in front of me and compelled me to blow the horn for more than five seconds. The other driver moved back into his lane and gave a dirty look. I smiled, raised my hand and saluted him. His attitude changed. He rolled down his window and said, sorry.

On one occasion, I noticed the driver in the car on the opposite side of the street, taking a right turn. A driver coming out of the parking lot of the gas/petrol station on the corner suddenly came on the street. I used the horn to warn the driver making the right turn to get his attention not to hit the car coming out of the petrol station or to move in the lane I was about to enter. Hearing the horn, he slammed hard on the car brakes, his car shook; the other car sped away. I completed the left turn and the other driver took the right turn. I smiled and saluted him while watching his furious look when we both were next to each other. He changed his mood, rolled down his window and said, “Thank you, you saved my life.”

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was sent down as a mercy to mankind. He showed us ways to achieve Taqwa, greater God-consciousness and nearness to God. He made us aware of other ways to improve ourselves to bring tranquillity and peace in this world and serve humanity. One of the tools he provided us is the use of a smile.

I love to smile. May Allah give me the strength to face the angel of death – Malak al-Maut – when he arrives. I like to welcome him with a smile and would like to leave this world with a smile on my face.

———-

Mohammad Yacoob is a retired industrial engineer and engineering proposals analyst who lives in Los Angeles, California.

Adapted with editorial adjustments from www.islamicity.org.

Soucre Link

Faith in God Free of Idolatry

Faith in God Free of Idolatry

By A. O.

idolatry

Loving a being more than God or loving him/it as one ought to love God is again a form of idolatry.

“Have you seen him who has taken his whims and desires to be his god? Will you then be his guardian?” (Al-Furqan: 43)

Shirk,” the word used for idolatry in Arabic means “partnership/association.”

In the Qur’an, it refers to ascribing associates to God or deeming someone or something, called idols or false-gods, worthy of worship beside or in addition to God. Idolatry, though, is not limited to worshipping totems or non-living beings. Because man’s responsibility is to serve his Creator and to strive to earn His good pleasure alone, his pursuit of any other goal is to ascribe worship to something other than God. For instance, a person would be guilty of idolatry if he were to seek the pleasure of people instead of God’s.

Likewise, it would again be ascribing associates to God if one’s purpose in life is to satisfy his whims and desires rather than to earn God’s good pleasure. Many people ascribe divinity to things like money, status, wealth and so on.

The Qur’an refers to idolaters of Arab society, who set aside a portion of their crops and cattle for their idols, as follows:

“They assign to God a share of the crops and livestock He has created, saying, ‘This is for God,’—as they allege—‘and this is for our idols.’ Their idols’ share does not reach God whereas God’s share reaches their idols! What an evil judgment they make!” (Al-An`am: 136)

As is mentioned in the verse above, idolaters assign a part of their wealth to God and another part to their idols. This is characteristic of the delusion of idolaters.

Loving a being more than God or loving him/it as one ought to love God is again a form of idolatry. Similarly, someone who fears a being as he should fear God, idolizes it, since he assumes that that being possesses a might apart from and independent of God.

Muslims, however, firmly believe that everything is created by God, that all affairs are regulated by Him, that causes do not have any power to produce a result independently, that every event is predetermined and created by God, that God is the possessor of the ultimate will and judgment. This is the kind of belief system that God reveals to us in the Qur’an.

Deviation from these tenets, believing that everything occurs spontaneously, as the result of coincidences, attributing the power to create to some other causes, are all forms of ascribing associates to God. God does not forgive idolatry:

“God does not forgive anything being associated with Him but He forgives whoever He wills for anything other than that. Anyone who associates something with God has gone very far astray.” (Al-Nisa’: 116)

In a Prophetic hadith, when God’s Messenger (Peace and blessings be upon him) was asked, ‘What is the biggest sin in the sight of God?’ He also said, ‘To set up rivals unto God although He alone created you.’ (Al-Bukhari)

 

————

A. O. is a Turkish writer and author.

 

 

Soucre Link

Telling People about Their Lord: 25th Stop of Your Spiritual Journey to God

Telling People about Their Lord: 25th Stop of Your Spiritual Journey to God

By Dr. Jasser Auda

Every speech comes out with a cover from the heart of the speaker. If God allows a speaker to express himself, people will understand his words and comprehend his gestures.

Telling People about Their Lord 25th Stop of Your Spiritual Journey to God

Their speech deserved to be recorded by God in His Glorious Book, the Qur’an.

This stage on our journey to God relates to the servant’s speech in which he tells people about God. Every servant has a responsibility to call people to their Creator, to remind them of their Lord, and to set things right in the universe:

I desire no more than to set things to rights in so far as it lies within my power… (Hud 11:88)

Say (O Prophet): “This is my way: Resting upon conscious insight accessible to reason, I am calling (you all) unto God – I and they who follow me. (Yusuf 12:108)

There are different kinds of speech. God says: “However, man is, above all else, always given to contention…” (Al-Kahf 18:54) There is a certain type of speech which has a considerable influence on people. This speech, as the Sheikh explains, is not the fluent speech that comes out from an intelligent mind or an eloquent tongue, but it is the speech that comes out directly from one’s heart.

Here I recall the speech of the prophets, messengers, and righteous people. Their speech came out form pure hearts. Their speech deserved to be recorded by God in the Qur’an. There are many examples of this speech.

Read the speech of prophet Abraham (peace be upon him): {Said (Abraham): “Have you, then, ever considered what it is that you have been worshiping – you and those ancient forebears of yours? “Now (as for me, I know that,) verily, these [false deities] are my enemies, (and that none is my helper) save the Sustainer of all the worlds, who has created me and is the One who guides me, and is the One who gives me to eat and to drink, and when I fall ill, is the One who restores me to health, and who will cause me to die and then will bring me back to life, and who, (hope, will forgive me my faults on Judgment Day! “O my Sustainer! Endow me with the ability to judge (between right and wrong), and make me one with the righteous, and grant me the power to convey the truth unto those who will come after me, and place me among those who shall inherit the garden of bliss!

And forgive my father for, verily, he is among those who have gone astray and do not put me to shame on the Day when all shall be raised from the dead: (and when) only he (will be happy) who comes before God with a heart free of evil! (Ash-Shu`araa’ 26:75-89)

Read also the speech of Prophet Noah (peace be upon him):

And convey unto them the story of Noah-when he said unto his people: “O my people! If my presence (among you] and my announcement of God’s messages are repugnant to you -well, in God have I placed my trust. Decide, then, upon what you are going to do (against me), and (call to your aid) those beings to whom you ascribe a share in God’s divinity; and once you have chosen your course of action, let no hesitation deflect you from it; and then carry out against me (whatever you may have decided), and give me no respite! But if you turn away (from the message which I bear, remember that) I have asked no reward whatever of you: my reward rests with none but God, for I have been bidden to be among those who have surrendered themselves unto Him. (Yunus 10:71-72)

All these speeches came out with a cover from the heart of the speakers.

The same holds true for Prophet Muhammad’s speech. Read, for example, his speech in the Battle of Tabuk:

“Verily the most veracious discourse is the book of God (the Quran). The most trustworthy handhold is the word of piety (taqwa). The best of religions is the religion of Abraham. The best of the sunan is the Sunnah of Muhammad. The noblest speech is the mentioning of God. The finest of narratives is this Qur’an. The best of affairs is that which has been firmly resolved upon. The worst religions are those which are created without sanction. The best of ways is the one trodden by the prophets. The noblest death is the death of a martyr. The most miserable blindness is waywardness after guidance. The best of knowledge is that which is beneficent. The best guidance is that which is put into practice. The worst blindness is the blindness of the heart. The upper hand is better than the lower (i.e. it is better to give than to receive). The little that suffices is better than the abundant and alluring. The worst apology is that which is tendered when death stares one in the face. The worst remorse is that which is felt on the Day of Resurrection. Some men do not come to the Friday prayer, but with hesitance and delay. And some of them do not remember God but with reluctance. The tongue that is addicted to false expression is a bubbling spring of sins. The most valuable possession is contentment of the heart. The best provision is that of piety. The highest wisdom is the awe of God. The best thing to be cherished in the hearts is faith and conviction; doubt is part of infidelity. Impatient wailing and fulsome praise of the dead is an act of ignorance. Betrayal leads one to the fire of Hell. Wine (alcohol) is the mother of evils. Each one of you must resort to a place of four cubits (the grave). Your affairs will be decided ultimately in the next life. He who pardons is himself granted pardon. He who forgives others, is forgiven by God for his sins. He who represses anger, God rewards him. He who faces misfortunes with perseverance, God compensates him. He who shows patience and forbearance, God gives him a double reward. He who disobeys God, God chastises him.”

This is a speech which came out from the Prophet’s heart so that it reached the people easily and it had a considerable influence on them. It is a prerequisite for anyone who tells the people about their Creator that his speech should come out from the heart.

If you want to offer advice to any one, you should mend your hear first. When you have a sincere intention in your heart, your influence on people will be stronger, i.e. people will understand your words and comprehend your gestures as the Sheikh says in this word of wisdom.

The Prophet’s companions also gave very fluent speeches which did not change the people only but changed the history. Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (may God be pleased with him) said: “I have been given the authority over you, and I am not the best of you. If I do well, help me; and if I do wrong, set me right.” `Umar ibn Al-Khattab (may God be pleased with him) said: “When did you enslave people whose mothers bore them free?”  `Uthman ibn `Affan ((may God be pleased with him) said: “O people, you need a credible and an active ruler not a useless ruler.” Ali ibn Abi Talib (may God be pleased with him) said: “The keeper of a safe dies and what he guards and the treasures remain, however, a man of knowledge lives throughout the ages.”

_________________________

The article is excerpted from “Some of Al-Hikam Al-Ataiyyah” (The Path to God: A Journey with Ibn `Ata’illah’s Words of Wisdom In the Light of the Quran, the Prophetic Tradition, and Universal Laws of God- By Dr. Jasser Auda

Soucre Link

Belief in Allah and His Messenger: The First Pillar of Islam

Belief in Allah and His Messenger: The First Pillar of Islam

Islam is a large structure that combines many different aspects of human life and such a structure requires a foundation and pillars that it rests upon. These were made clear to us by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) when he said:

“Islam has been built upon five things. Testifying that there is no deity but Allah, and that Muhammad is His Messenger; on performing five-daily prayers; on giving the poor due; on pilgrimage to the House; and on fasting during Ramadan.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

First Pillar

The first pillar is to bear witness that there is no deity but Allah and that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is His Messenger.

This testimony is the foundation of Islam and everyone who wants to enter Islam must profess it verbally. It is made up of two main pillars.

First: There Is No Deity but Allah

This means that there is nothing in existence worthy of worship, except Allah (Exalted be He). This negates the worship of anything but Allah, including angels, prophets, pious people, trees, the sun, the moon, stones and statues and graves because all these things are the creation of Allah the Lord of the Worlds, so how can a created person worship a created thing similar to them and abandon worship of the creator.

Therefore, this proves that worship is only for Allah the Lord of the Worlds to Whom the whole world and whatever it contains have submitted. Allah has said:

Allah bears witness that La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the Right to be worshiped but He), and the angels, and those having knowledge (also give this witness); (He is always) maintaining his creation In justice. La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the Right to be worshiped but He), the All-Mighty, the All-Wise. (Aal `Imran 3:18)

From this we understand that the statement ‘There is no deity but Allah’ is the epitome and slogan of Islam and the key to entering it because it means that the person acknowledges his obedience and compliance with the worship of Allah and disowns and rids himself of the worship of anyone or anything else.

Second: Muhammad Is the Messenger of Allah

This testimony includes three very important principles which are:

1- Acknowledging that Allah sent the Prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him) with the truth as a giver of glad tidings and warner to all people, Arab and non-Arab, white and black, to call them to the worship of Allah alone and reject polytheism and disbelief. Allah has said:

And we have not sent you (O Mohammed) except as a giver of glad tidings and a warner to all mankind. (Saba’ 34:28)

2- It is obligatory to believe everything the Prophet (peace be upon him) has informed us about since it is a revelation from Allah, as Allah has said:

Nor does He speak of (his own) desire. It is Only an Inspiration that is inspired. (An-Najm 53:3-4)

3- It is obligatory to obey the Prophet (peace be upon him) in everything that he has commanded us and avoid everything that he has forbidden and rejected because he is someone who brings information from Allah, and Allah has commanded that we obey him, as Allah said:

And whatsoever the Messenger (Mohammed) gives you, take it, and whatsoever He forbids you, abstain from it. (Al-Hashr 59:7)

_________________________

The article is excerpted from the book “A Beneficial Summary of Rulings for New Muslim”, published by The Ministry of Endowments & Islamic Affairs, Kuwait- 2nd Edition 1436/2015.

Soucre Link

What Rights Do Our Neighbours Have Over Us?

What Rights Do Our Neighbours Have Over Us?

“Jibreel kept urging me that neighbors should be treated well until I thought he would make them heirs”, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said.

Islam places extreme importance over the treatment of neighbors. We have to be cordial with them and share our food with them. What other rights do our neighbors have over us?

Sheikh Yahya Ibrahim answers here…



 


Source: Faith IQ

Soucre Link

Love of God: How and Why?

Love of God: How and Why?

By Al-Ghazzali

The love of God is the highest of all things. Human perfection resides in this, that the love of God should conquer a man’s heart and possess it wholly, and even if it does not possess it wholly it should predominate in the heart over the love of all other things.

Love of God

The love of God should conquer a man’s heart and possess it wholly.

Nevertheless, rightly to understand the love of God is so difficult a matter that one sect of theologians have altogether denied that man can love a Being who is not of his own species, and they have defined the love of God as consisting merely in obedience. Those who hold such views do not know what real religion is.

Duty

All Muslims are agreed that the love of God is a duty. God says concerning the believers, “He loves them and they love Him,” (Al-Ma’idah 5:54) and the Prophet said, “Till a man loves God and His Prophet more than anything else he has not the right faith.”

When the angel of death came to take the soul of Abraham the latter said, “Have you ever seen a friend take his friend’s life?” God answered him, “Have you ever seen a friend unwilling to see his friend?” Then Abraham said, “O `Azrael! take my soul!”

The following prayer was taught by the Prophet to his companions, “O God, grant me to love You and to love those who love You, and whatsoever brings me nearer to Your love, and make Your love more precious to me than cold water to the thirsty.” Hassan Basri used to say, “He who knows God loves Him, and he who knows the world hates it.”

We come now to treat of love in its essential nature. Love may be defined as an inclination to that which is pleasant. This is apparent in the case of the five senses, each of which may be said to love that which gives it delight; thus the eye loves beautiful forms, the ear music, etc. This is a kind of love we share with the animals. But there is a sixth sense, or faculty of perception, implanted in the heart, which animals do not possess, through which we become aware of spiritual beauty and excellence.

Thus, a man who is only acquainted with sensuous delights cannot understand what the Prophet meant when he said he loved prayer more than perfumes or women, though the last two were also pleasant to him. But he whose inner eye is opened to behold the beauty and perfection of God will despise all outward sights in comparison, however fair they may be.

From Inside

The former kind of man will say that beauty resides in red-and-white complexions, well-proportioned limbs, and so forth, but he will be blind to moral beauty, such as men refer to when they speak of such and such a man as possessing a “beautiful” character. But those possessed of inner perception find it quite possible to love the departed great, such as the Caliphs `Umar and Abu Bakr, on account of their noble qualities, though their bodies have long been mingled with the dust.

Such love is directed not towards any outward form, but towards the inner character. Even when we wish to excite love in a child towards any one, we do not describe their outward beauty of form, etc., but their inner excellences.

Causes of Such Love

When we apply this principle to the love of God we shall find that He alone is worthy of our love, and that, if any one loves Him not, it is because he does not know Him. Whatever we love in any one we love because it is a reflection of Him. It is for this reason that we love Muhammad (peace be upon him) because he is the Prophet and the Beloved of God, and the love of learned and pious men is really the love of God. We shall see this more clearly if we consider what are the causes which excite love.

The first cause is this, that man loves himself and the perfection of his own nature. This leads him directly to the love of God, for man’s very existence and man’s attributes are nothing else but the gift of God, but for whose grace and kindness man would never have emerged from behind the curtain of non-existence into the visible world.

Man’s preservation and eventual attainment to perfection are also, entirely dependent upon the grace of God. It would indeed be a wonder, if one should take refuge from the heat of the sun under the shadow of a tree and not be grateful to the tree, without which there would be no shadow at all. Precisely in the same way, were it not for God, man would have no existence nor attributes at all; wherefore, then, should he not love God, unless he be ignorant of Him? Doubtless fools cannot love Him, for the lover of Him springs directly from the knowledge of Him, and whence should a fool have knowledge?

The second cause of this love is that man loves his benefactor, and in truth his only Benefactor is God, for whatever kindness he receives from any fellow-creature is due to the immediate instigation of God. Whatever motive may have prompted the kindness he receives from another, whether the desire to gain religious merit or a good name, God is the Agent who set that motive to work.

The third cause is the love that is aroused by contemplation of the attributes of God, His power and wisdom, of which human power and wisdom are but the feeblest reflections. This love is akin to that we feel to the great and good men of the past, such as the Imam Malik and the Imam Shafi`i, though we never expect to receive any personal benefits from them, and, is therefore a more disinterested kind of love.

God said to the Prophet David, “That servant is dearest to Me who does not seek Me from fear of punishment or hope of reward, but to pay the debt due to My Deity.” And in the Psalms it is written, “Who is a greater transgressor than he who worships Me from fear of hell or hope of heaven? If I had created neither, should I not then have deserved to be worshiped?”

The fourth cause of this love is the affinity between man and God, which is referred to in the saying of the Prophet, “Verily God created man in His own likeness.” Furthermore, God has said, “My servant seeks proximity to Me, that I may make him My friend, and when I have made him My friend I become his ear, his eye, his tongue.” Again, God said to Moses, “I was sick, and you didn’t not visit Me?” Moses replied, “O God! You are Lord of heaven and earth: how could You be sick?”

God said, “A certain servant of Mine was sick; had you visited, him, you would have visited Me.”

This is a somewhat dangerous topic to dwell upon, as it is beyond the understanding of common people, and even intelligent men have stumbled in treating of it, and come to believe in incarnation and union with God.

Still, the affinity which does exist between man and God disposes of the objection of those theologians mentioned above, who maintain that man cannot love a Being who is not of his own species.

However great the distance between them, man can love God because of the affinity indicated in the saying, “God created man in His own likeness.” (Genesis 1:27)

_________________________

The article is excerpted from The Alchemy of Happiness by Al-Ghazzali, translated from the Hindustani by Claud Field (1909). This edition was created and published by Global Grey ©GlobalGrey 2017.

Soucre Link

Mary and Jesus in Islam

Mary and Jesus in Islam

By A Q Khan

Mary and Jesus in IslamMary-Miriam-Maryam and her son Jesus-Eesa are VIP (Very Important Persons) and have a very special status in Islam compared to any other Faith in this world. They were the descendants of Abraham born into honored families. Miryam (Maidservant of Allah), is the only female character by name mentioned 34 times in the Qur’an and as a title of Chapter-19. Qur’an narrates the details of Maryam from her conception to Youth and Womanhood to delivery of her son – Jesus.

Jesus Eesa (Esau, Yeheshua Jesus-Christ) was a Prophet and Messenger as well. He received One Book called the Injeel / Gospel. He was similar to the Messengers and was a Chosen Man who performed Miracles, who brought the message and preached about the Unity of God. He was the only Prophet raised alive and is mentioned in 29 times (more than Prophet Muhammad who was only mentioned 4 times).

Jesus was the only Prophet titled as Messiah, mentioned with his mother’s name (Eesa-Ibn-Maryam / Jesus-Son of-Mary), talked from the cradle and lifted Alive to come back at the last hour. His birth was miraculous (as that of Adam with no father or mother and of Eve with no mother).

Mary’s father was Imran and her son was Eesa. Both were the descendants of Prophet Abraham thru Isaac. The wives of Imran and Zachariah were sisters. Mary’s Uncle was Zachariah (Yahiya/John the Baptist the son of Zachariah.) Therefore Jesus and John (Yahiya) were cousins.

Honored

The chapters 3 and 19 in Qur’an are titled after the names of Mary’s father and Mary.

Qur’an 3:42 ‘… O Mary! God has chosen you and purified you and again he has chosen you above all women of all nations of the worlds’

Qur’an 5:75 ‘…  His (Jesus) mother (Mary) was a woman of truth.’

Qur’an 21:91 ‘And (remember) her who guarded her chastity: We breathed into her of our spirit and we made her and her son a sign for all peoples.’

Qur’an 3:3 ‘She was assigned to the care of Zachariah.’ (Guardian & Uncle)

Birth of Jesus Foretold

Qur’an 3:45: Behold! the angels said: ‘O Mary! Allah giveth thee glad tidings of a Word from Him: his name will be Messiah-Christ Eesa, the son of Mary, held in honor in this world and the Hereafter and of (the company of) those nearest to God/Allah… ‘

Isaiah 7:14: Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.

Mathew 1:23: ‘Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us’.

Conception

Qur’an 66:12 ‘And Mary the daughter of ‘Imran, who guarded her chastity; & We breathed into (her body) of Our spirit; & she testified to the truth of the words of her Lord & of His Revelations, & was one of the devout (servants).

Qur’an 19:16-17 ‘Relate in the Book () Mary, when she withdrew from her family to a place in the East. She placed a screen from them; then we sent our Angel (Gabriel) and he appeared before her as a man in all respects.’

Birth

Birth of Jesus: was unique, similar to prophet Adam (without Parent) & Eve (without father). The most miraculous was of Prophet Adam (AS) who was created from nothing versus any person need something to create something whether it is living/non-living objects like cloning & artificial insemination for babies).

Qur’an 3:59: ‘the similitude of Jesus before God is as that of Adam, He created him from dust, then said to him: ‘Be’… . And he was’.

Luke 1:37:  ‘For nothing is impossible with God’

Qur’an 19:33: ‘ So Peace is on me the day I was born, the day That I die, and the day that I shall be raised up to life again’

Hadith: ‘None are born except that Satan touches them upon their birth, due to which it comes out screaming from its touch, except Mary and her son (Jesus) Ahmed}

Post Partum

Qur’an 19:25:  ‘And Shake towards thyself the trunk of the Palm tree: It will let fall fresh ripe dates upon thee’

Qur’an 19:24 ‘But (a voice) cried to her from beneath the Palm tree ‘ Grieve not! For thy Lord hath provided a stream/rivulet beneath thee’

Qur’an 23:50: ‘And We made the son of Maryam & his mother as a Sign: We gave them both shelter on high ground, affording rest & security & furnished with springs.’

Miracle of Jesus

Summarized in one verse in Qur’an:

Qur’an 5:110: The Day when Allah will say, ‘O Jesus, Son of Mary, remember My favor upon you and upon your mother when I supported you with the Pure Spirit and you spoke to the people in the cradle and in maturity; and remember when I taught you writing and wisdom and the Torah and the Gospel; and when you designed from clay what was like the form of a bird with My permission, then you breathed into it, and it became a bird with My permission; and you healed the blind and the leper with My permission; and when you brought forth the dead with My permission; and when I restrained the Children of Israel from killing you when you came to them with clear proofs and those who disbelieved among them said, ‘This is not but obvious magic’.

John 5:30: ‘I can do nothing on my own initiative. As I hear, I judge; and my judgment is just, because I do not seek my own will, but the will of Him who sent me’.

Jesus as a Prophet

He was chosen by the Supreme God, whose job was like a mediator between God and humanity like all other prophets

Qur’an 19:34: ‘That is Jesus, son of Mary-the word of truth about which they are in dispute’.

Qur’an 19:30 ‘He Eesa/Jesus) said: Verily! I am a slave of Allah, He has given me the Scripture and made me a Prophet;’

Matthew 21:11: ‘… crowd said, ‘this is the Prophet Jesus of Nazareth of Galilee.’

John 9:17: ‘And he said, ‘He is a Prophet.”

Mission of Jesus

Abraham is a role model like Moses and Muhammad, Jesus was given a mission to spread the faith of Abraham i.e., Unity of God (Absolute Monotheism) of Abraham (i.e., Belief in one God, All Obedience and Worship of the same One God).

Qur’an 42:13: ‘He has ordained for you of religion (Islam) what He enjoined upon Noah & that which We have revealed to you, O Muhammad, & what We enjoined upon Abraham & Moses & Jesus – to establish the religion & not be divided therein (sects)…’

John 13:15: ‘I’ve given you an example that you should follow… ‘

John 8:39: Jesus said ‘for if you are the children of Abraham, you would follow his example.’

Qur’an 3-49 ‘ I will make him (Jesus) a Messenger to the Children of Israel’

Mathew 15:24: ‘I was sent only to help God’s lost sheep–the people of Israel.’

Romans 15:8:  ‘Remember that Christ came as a servant to the Jews to show that God is true to the promises he made to their ancestors’.

Jesus is a Muslim! The words Muslim, Islam and Salam come from Pro-Semitic root SLM means Peace (Purity, Submission, and obedience to One God). Muslims are those who submit in total to the Will of One God.

Qur’an 31:22: ‘Those who Submit completely to God (Allah)’ (Islam)

James 4:7:  ‘Submit yourselves therefore to God’.

Romans 13:1:  ‘Let every soul be Submit unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of GOD…’

Qur’an 3:52:  ‘When Jesus found unbelief on their part He said’ Who will be my helpers to (the work of) Allah? Said the disciples ‘we are Allah’s helpers: we believe in Allah, anf do bear witness that we are Muslims’

God of Jesus (Unity of God)

Qur’an 5: 72: ‘while the Jesus has said, ‘O Children of Israel-worship God, my Lord & your Lord’. (Qur’an in 6AD)

Mark12: 29:  ‘The most important commandment is this: Hear, O Israel; the Lord our God is one Lord.’

Qur’an (111:1 & 4): ‘Say: He is God the One and Only; And there is none like unto Him.

Mark 12:32:  ‘Well said, teacher,’ the man replied. ‘You are right in saying that God is one & there is no other but him.

Jesus and Prophet Muhammad

Qur’an7: 157: ‘Those who follow the messenger, the unlettered Prophet, whom they find mentioned in their own (scriptures) in the law (Torah) and the Gospel (Injeel);-

Qur’an 61:6:  ‘And remember. Jesus, the son of Mary. Said: O Children of Israel! I am the messenger of Allah (Sent) to you, confirming the Law (Torah) before me, and giving glad tidings of a messenger to come after me, whose name is AHMAD (Praiseworthy) …

John 16:13: When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all the truth, for he will not speak on his own authority, but whatever he hears he will speak, and he will declare to you the things that are to come. ‘He will glorify Me, for He will take of Mine and will disclose it to you.

Hadith: I am most close to Jesus, son of Mary, among the whole of mankind in this worldly life and the next life. They said: Allah’s Messenger how is it? Thereupon he said: Prophets are brothers in faith, having different mothers. Their religion is, however, one and there is no Apostle between us (between I and Jesus). (SM-Book 030, # 5836 Abu Huraira).

Jesus / Mary Worshiped

Qur’an 22:27:  ‘O you who believe! Bow down & prostrate yourselves & worship your God…’

Qur’an 3:43: ‘O Maryam, (Mary) be devout to your Lord, & prostrate yourself & bow down with the ones who bow down (for Him).

Mathew 26:39: ‘He (Jesus) advanced a little & fell on his face (prostration) and prayed, saying, ‘O my Father’

Qur’an 5: 72: ‘while the Jesus has said, ‘O Children of Israel-worship God, my Lord & your Lord’.

Gospel of Jesus

Qur’an 5:46: ‘We sent him the Gospel, therein was guidance and light and confirmation of the Torah that had come before him. A guidance and an admonition to those who fear Allah.’

John 1:17: ‘For the law (Torah) was given through Moses; grace and truth (Injeel/Gospel) came through Jesus Christ (Gospel)

Qur’an 3:50: (Jesus said) ‘To attest the law which was before me & to make lawful to you part of what was forbidden you; I have come to you with a sign from your Lord, so fear God & obey me.’

Matthew 5:17-18: ‘Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law (Torah) or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them. I tell you the truth, until heaven and earth disappear, not even the smallest detail of God’s law will disappear until its purpose is achieved.

Mark7:7: They worship me in vain; their teachings are merely human rules.

God of Jesus Praise Worthy

Qur’an 42:28: ‘And He (God)…  worthy of all Praise.

John 5:41: ‘I do not accept praise from men, Jesus shouted to the crowds’

Matthew 11:25 (Luke 10:21): … Jesus said, ‘I Praise you, father, Lord of heaven and Earth… ‘

John 8:50: ‘And I seek not mine own Praise/Glory, There is One that seeketh and Judgeth

Judgment Day

Qur’an 44:40: ‘Verily, the Day of Judgment is the time appointed for all of them. ‘

Mathew 12:36: ‘… I tell you that everyone will have to give account on the Day of Judgment… ‘

Qur’an 5:50: ‘…  And who is better in judgment than Allah for a people who have firm Faith.

Matthew 7:1-2: ‘Do not judge, or you too will be judged. 2 For in the same way you judge others, you will be judged, and with the measure you use, it will be measured to you.

Last Hour

Qur’an 7: 187: ‘They ask you, O Muhammad, about the Hour…  They ask you as if you are familiar with it. Say, ‘Its knowledge is only with Allah, but most of the people do not know.’

Mathew 24:36: ‘But about that day or hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. ‘ (Mark13:32)

Destiny/Fate

Qur’an 46:9: ‘Say: O prophet ‘I am nothing new among the Prophets. I have no idea what will be done with me or you.’

Matthew 7: 21: ‘Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ shall enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of my Father in heaven.

Mathew 25:46: ‘These people will go away into eternal punishment (Hell), but those with God’s approval will go into eternal life (Heaven).’

Prophet Jesus and Muhammad (Similarities)

Prophet Jesus and Muhammad were descendants of Abraham and are Semites. The both talked about each other (recorded in Bible and Ahadith of Prophet Muhammad) and reinforced the Absolute Monotheism (True Faith of Abraham i.e., Unity of God (Absolute Monotheism) of Abraham (i.e., Belief in one God, All Obedience and Worship of the same One God).).

Obey

Qur’an 3:31: Say: ‘If ye do love Allah, obey me: Allah will love you & forgive you your sins: For Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

John 14:23: Jesus replied, ‘If anyone loves me, he will obey my teaching. My Father will love him.’

Big Sin:

Qur’an 4:116 Verily! Allah forgives not (the sin of) setting up partners in worship with Him, but He forgives whom he pleases sins other than that, and whoever sets up partners in worship with Allah, has indeed strayed far away. (Major Sin-Shirk/Eternal Sin)

John 16:8 ‘And when he comes, he will correct the world concerning sin and concerning righteousness and concerning judgment;’

No Change

Qur’an 53:3-4 ‘He (Muhammad) doesn’t speak from his desire; indeed what he says is from revelation’

John 12:49: ‘For I did not speak of my own accord, but the Father who sent me commanded me what to say and how to say it’.

Parents/Neighbors

Qur’an 4: 36: ‘… do good-to parents, kinsfolk, orphans, those in need, neighbors who are near & distant, the Companion by your side, the way-farer (ye meet)… ‘

Matthew 15:4: For God said, ‘Honor your father and mother’ and ‘anyone who curses his father or mother must be put to death.

Matthew 5: 43: ‘Love thy neighbor as thyself’

Veils

Q 24:31 ‘And say to the believing women that they cast down their looks, and let them wear their head-coverings over their bosoms, and not display their ornaments

1-Corinthians11:6 ‘For if a woman does not cover her head, let her also have her hair cut off; but if it is disgraceful for a woman to have her hair cut off or her head shaved, let her cover her head.’

Jihad

Qur’an 29:69: ‘As for those who strive (Jihad) in Us, We surely guide them to Our paths, and lo ! Allah is with the good’.

Romans 2:7: ‘eternal life to those who strive (Jihad) for glory, honor, and immortality by patiently doing good’;

Baptism/Purification

Qur’an 2:138: (Our religion is) the Baptism of Allah: And who can baptize better than Allah? And it is He Whom we worship.

Qur’an 5:6: ‘O you who believe! When you prepare for prayers, wash your face, and your hands (to elbows); wipe your head part and wash your feet (to ankles) (with Water). If you are in state of ceremonial impurity, bathe your whole body (with water)… ‘

Matthew 3:11: ‘I baptize you with water for repentance. But after me will come one who is more powerful than I, whose sandals I am not fit to carry. He will baptize you… ‘

Father

Qur’an 33:40 Muhammad (s) is not the father of any man among you, but he is the Messenger of Allah & the last (seal) of the Prophets.’

Matthew 23:9: ‘Do not call anyone on earth your father; for One is your Father, He who is in heaven’.

Qur’an14:35: ‘Recall that Abraham said, ‘My God…  Protect me & my children from worshiping idols.’

1 Corinthians12:2: ‘You know that when you were still pagans, you were led astray and swept along in worshiping speechless idols.’

Jesus’s Ascension (Miraculous)

Qur’an 2:156: ‘Surely we belong to God and to Him shall we return’.

Qur’an 4:158: ‘But God lifted him (Jesus) up (with his body & soul) unto Himself (& he is in the heavens)… .

John 12:32: And when I am lifted up from the earth.’

John 20:17: Jesus said, Go instead to my brothers and tell them, ‘I am returning to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.’

Jesus’s Second Coming

Qur’an 43.61: ‘And (Jesus) shall be a Sign (for the coming of) the Hour (of Judgment: therefore have no doubt about the (Hour), but follow ye Me: this is a Straight Way.

Mathew 24:44: For this reason you also must be ready; for the Son of Man is coming at an hour when you do not think He will’

Hadith: At this very time Allah would send Christ, son of Mary, and he will descend at the white minaret in the eastern side of Damascus wearing two garments lightly dyed with saffron and placing his hands on the wings of two Angels. When he would lower his head, there would fall beads of perspiration from his head, and when he would raise it up, beads like pearls would scatter from it. (Sahih Muslim-041 #7015)

Death of Prophets (and all Mankind)

Qur’an 39:30 ‘Indeed, you are to die, and indeed, they are to die’

Qur’an 29:57 ‘Every soul will taste death; then to us will you be returned’

Qur’an 19:15 ‘And Peace be upon him the day he was born the day that he dies and the day that he is raised alive!’ (Jesus)

Hadith: After his descent on earth, Eesa/Jesus will marry. He will have children, and he will remain on earth 19 years after marriage. He will pass away and Muslims will perform his Funeral (Janaza) and bury him next to Prophet Muhammad (s). (Tirmidi)

Soucre Link