The Life in Prayer

The Life in Prayer

The Life in Prayer

These qualities can be expressed in many ways, but they are well summed up in six words, namely: awareness; understanding; reverence; awe; hope; shame.

The Life in Prayer

The Life in Prayer

Awareness

By conscious awareness we mean that state in which one’s mind and feelings are in no way distracted from what one is doing and saying. Perception is united with action and speech. Thoughts do not wander. When the mind remains attentive to what one is doing, when one is wholeheartedly involved, and when nothings makes one heedless, that is when one has achieved conscious awareness.

Understanding

Understanding the meaning of one’s words is something that goes beyond awareness, for one may be conscious of making an utterance, yet not be aware of the meaning of that utterance. What we mean by understanding, therefore, is an awareness that also includes comprehension of the meaning of one’s utterance. People differ in this respect, not sharing a common understanding of the Qura’n and the glorification.

How many subtleties of meaning we have come to understand in the course of ritual prayer! Things that had never occurred to us before.

It is in this context that prayer becomes a deterrent to indecency and mischief, for the understanding it brings is a positive obstacle to vice.

Reverence

As for reverence, this is something beyond both awareness and understanding. A man may address his servant in full awareness of his speech, and understanding the meaning of his words, yet without reverence, for reverence is an additional element.

Awe

As for awe, it is over and above reverence. In fact, it represents a kind of fear that grows out of the latter. Without experiencing fear, one will not stand in awe. There is an ordinary fear of things we find repugnant, like scorpions or bad temper, but this is not called awe. What we call awe is the kind of fear we have of a mighty king. Awe is the kind of fear induced by a sense of majesty.

Hope

As for hope, this is unquestionably something else again. There are many who revere some king or other, and who are in awe of him or afraid of his power, yet do not hope to be rewarded by him. In our prayers, however, we must hope for the reward of Allah, High Exalted; just as we fear His punishment for our faults.

Shame

As for shame, it is something additional to all the rest, for it is based on the realization of one’s deficiencies and the apprehension of sin. It is quite possible to conceive of reverence, fear and hope, without this element of shame.

For this reason the Mother of the Believers `A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said: The Prophet used to do inside his house?” She answered: “He used to keep himself busy helping members of his family, and when it was the time for Salat (the prayer), he would get up for prayer.” (Al-Bukhari)

It is narrated that Allah Almighty said to Moses (peace be upon him): “O Moses, when you want to remember Me, remember Me in such a way that your limbs tremble and that you hold Me dear at the time of remembrance and rest satisfied. When you remember Me, keep your tongue behind your mind. When you stand before Me, stand before Me with fearful mind like the meanest slave and speak with Me with the tongue of a truthful man.” (Ahmad) 

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Source: Imam Ghazali’s Ihya Ulum al-Din

 

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How Did the Adhan Become the Call to Prayer?

How Did the Adhan Become the Call to Prayer?

Story of Adhan

When the Muslim community migrated to Madinah, they faced all sorts of new questions – like when exactly is prayer time over here?

So, the Prophet (peace be upon him) gathered the companions to discuss the matter. Some suggested using a bell like the Christians, or a horn like the Jewish community, but neither were from the traditions of either the Arabs nor or the Muslims. A man then came forth and said, “O Messenger of Allah, I had a very beautiful dream…”

Enjoy watching this interesting talk with Sheikh Hasib Noor.

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Source: Faithiq Facebook Page.

 

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`Asr: The Middle Prayer

`Asr: The Middle Prayer

The Middle Prayer

`Asr: The Middle Prayer

The Messenger of Allah said, ‘Whoever prays the two cool prayers (`Asr and Fajr) will go to Paradise.” (Al-Bukhari)

By: Editorial Staff

Allah, Almighty has addressed the Ummah (Muslim nation) to keep on the salah (prayer) at its fixed times, taking into consideration the conditions of validity of prayer. Keeping on something means to maintain and devote oneself assiduously to abide by it. Almighty Allah has singled out the mention of the middle prayer after ordering the Muslims to offer the prayer in general which gives the honor and importance to this specific prayer. It is known in the “Science of Rhetoric” as mentioning something specific after something general. There are many examples in the Qur’an such as:

In both of them are fruit and palm trees and pomegranates. (Ar-Rahman 55:68)

In the previous verse, Allah has specified the palm trees and pomegranates among all other kinds of fruits due to their importance.

What is the Middle Prayer?

There are two views among Companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and scholars regarding the middle prayer as follows:

1- That is Fajr Prayer

This is the view of Abu Umamah, Anas, Jabir, Abu Al-‘Aaliyah, ‘Ubaydah ibn ‘Umair, ‘Ata’, ‘Ikrimah, Mujahid and others, and it is one of the two views of Ibn ‘Umar and Ibn ‘Abbas.

It is also the view of Malik and of Ash-Shafa’i as stated in Al-Umm. (Fath Al-Bari).

2- That is `Asr Prayer

This is the view of most of the scholars, and it is the correct and reliable view.

`Ali ibn Abi Talib (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said on the day (of the Battle) of Al-Ahzab: “They distracted us from offering the middle prayer, i.e. the `Asr prayer. May Allah fill their houses and graves with fire; he then observed this prayer between the evening prayer and the night prayer.” (Muslim)

Samurah ibn Jundab (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “The middle prayer is the prayer of Al-`Asr.” (At-Tirmidhi)

This report states that it is ‘Asr prayer according to the words of the Prophet (peace be upon him).

This is also the view of Ibn Mas’ud and Abu Hurairah, and it is the correct view according to the school of Abu Hanifah. It is also the view of Ahmad ibn Hanbal and the view which most of the Shafa`is agreed on.

At-Tirmidhi said that it is the view of most of the scholars among the Companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Al-Mawardi also said that it the correct view of most of the righteous predecessors.

Time of `Asr Prayer

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: The time of `Asr Prayer is as long as the sun has not become yellow…” (Muslim)

The time for `Asr begins after the time of Zhuhr Prayer comes to an end, i.e., when the length of an object’s shadow becomes equal to the length of the object itself.

1- The Preferred Time

This begins from the time of `Asr Prayer until the sun begins to turn yellow due to the previous hadith.

2- The Time of Necessity

This begins after the sun turns yellow until the sunset. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Whoever catches up with one rak’ah of ‘Asr before the sun sets has caught up with ‘Asr.” (Agreed Upon)

Virtues of `Asr Prayer

1- Double reward for One who keeps on it

It was narrated that Abu Basrah Al-Ghifari said: “The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) led us in praying `Asr in Al-Mukhamas. He (the Prophet) said: ‘This prayer was enjoined upon those who came before you, but they neglected it. Whoever prays it regularly will have a two-fold reward, and there is no prayer after it until the Shahid appears.” (Shahid is the star) (An-Nasa’i)

2- It is a cause of entering Paradise

Abu Bakr ibn Abi Musa said my father narrated that the “Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, ‘Whoever prays the two cool prayers (`Asr and Fajr) will go to Paradise.” (Al-Bukhari)

They were called the “two cool prayers” as they are offered during the cool time of the day. Fajr is before the sun rise and therefore it is a cool time. And `Asr is when the sun changes its angle and starts coming towards the sun set. At this time, it has lost much of its hotness and therefore it is a cool time.

They were called the “two cool prayers” as they are offered during the cool time of the day. Fajr is before the sun rise and therefore it is a cool time. And `Asr is when the sun changes its angle and starts coming towards the sun set. At this time, it has lost much of its hotness and therefore it is a cool time.

3- It is a cause of seeing Allah on the Day of Judgment

Jarir (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated: We were sitting with the Prophet (peace be upon him) and he looked at the moon on the night of the full-moon and said, “You people will see your Lord as you see this full moon, and you will have no trouble in seeing Him, so if you can avoid missing (through sleep or business, etc.) a prayer before sunrise (Fajr) and a prayer before sunset (`Asr) you must do so.” (Al-Bukhari)

4- Angels gather at the time of Fajr and `Asr

Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Angels keep on descending from and ascending to the Heaven in turn, some at night and some by daytime, and all of them assemble together at the time of the Fajr and `Asr prayers. Then those who have stayed with you over-night, ascent unto Allah Who asks them, and He knows the answer better than they, “How have you left My slaves?” They reply, “We have left them praying as we found them praying.” If anyone of you says “Amin” (during the Prayer at the end of the recitation of Surat Al-Faitihah), and the angels in Heaven say the same, and the two sayings coincide, all his past sins will be forgiven.” (Al-Bukhari)

Leaving the `Asr Prayer is a great loss

Buraidah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “He who misses the ‘Asr Prayer (deliberately), his deeds will be rendered null and void.” (Al-Bukhari)

Ibn `Umar (may Allah be pleased with them) said that, Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said, “Whoever misses the `Asr prayer (intentionally) then it is as if he lost his family and property.” (Agreed Upon)

No doubt, the middle prayer (‘Asr) has a great importance. This does not mean that the other prayers are any less significant. It is just to emphasize and remind that we better not leave our prayers, especially the ‘Asr prayer as people usually tend to forget this prayer either we are busy working, or studying, or even resting. May Allah make us of those who keep on the prayer at its proper time.

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