What Are the Conditions and Obligatory Acts of Wudu?

What Are the Conditions and Obligatory Acts of Wudu?

What Are the Conditions and Obligatory Acts of Wudu?

Allah, Exalted be He, says:

O you who haw have believed, when you rise to (perform) prayer, wash your faces and your forearms to the elbows and wipe over your heads and wash your feet to the ankles… (Al-Ma’idah 5:6)

This verse states that performing ablution whenever rising to prayer is obligatory, and tells us which organs should be washed and those which should be wiped during wudu, and specifies what part of them should be washed or wiped.

What Are the Conditions and Obligatory Acts of Wudu

The elbows are included when washing the arms during ablution.

Then, the Prophet (peace be upon him), through his hadiths (sayings) and practices has dearly shown the way ablution is to be performed.

Every Muslim should know that wudu has certain conditions, obligatory acts, and practices of the Sunnah to be observed while performing it. Both conditions and obligatory acts must be fulfilled as much as possible in order to ensure the validity of ablution.

As for the acts of the Sunnah related to ablution, they are considered complementary practices that guarantee the perfection of wudu. Observing these acts of the Sunnah, during ablution in increases ones reward, yet abandoning them does not affect the validity of ablution.

The Conditions of Ablution

There are eight conditions of ablution:

1- Being a Muslim

2- Being mentally sound

3- Having discretion

4- Having the intention of performing wudu

According to the aforementioned four conditions, ablution is invalid if performed by a disbeliever, an insane person, a young child who does not distinguish (between right and wrong), or one who does not have the intention of ablution (upon performing it), such as performing it as a way of refreshment in a hot weather, or as a means of cleaning one’s body organs or removing certain impurities or the like.

5- Using pure water: Water used for performing ablution must be pure, so impure water is inadequate for performing ablution.

6- Using legally-obtained water: If the water used for ablution is unlawfully acquired, or taken by force, ablution will not be valid.

7- Being preceded by istinja’ or istijmar (cleaning one’s stool and urine exits following defecation or urination,) when necessary.

8- Removing what may prevent water from reaching skin of the ablution organs: That is the one performing ablution ha, to remove anything covering the organ of ablution, such as mud, dough, wax, accumulated dirt, thick paint, etc., in order to allow water to reach the skin of the organ directly without hindrance.

The Obligatory Acts of Ablution

There are six obligatory acts related to the organs of ablution:

1 -Washing the whole face

Washing the whole face involves rinsing the mouth and the nose with water. Accordingly, one’s ablution is void if one washes one’s face without rinsing ‘both’ the mouth and the nose with water. This is because the mouth and the nose belong to the face, and Allah says. (regarding ablution): “Wash your faces.” (Al-Ma’idah 5:6)

Thus, Allah commands washing the whole face during ablution. So whoever disregards washing any part of the face is considered to be disobedient to the Command of Allah.

Moreover, the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to rinse his mouth and nose with water while performing wudu.

2-Washing the forearms including the elbows

Allah says “….. And your forearms to the elbows…” (Al-Ma’idah 5:6), i.e. washing them including the elbows, as the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to do according to a hadith narrated in this regard. It is also slated in another hadith that the Prophet “…washed his hands (during ablution) until he reached the upper arms”. This indicates that the elbows are included when washing the arms during ablution.

3-Wiping over the whole head

Wiping over the head includes the ears, for Allah says “…And wipe over your heads…” (Al-Ma’idah 5:6) Moreover, the Prophet said “The ears are treated as part of the head” (Ibn Majah)

Therefore, it is incorrect to abandon wiping over the ears, for it is insufficient to wipe over one part of the head and neglect another during ablution.

4- Washing the feet including the ankles

During ablution the feet must be washed including the ankles, for Allah, Exalted be He, says: “…and wash your feet to the ankles…” (Al-Ma’idah 5:6) Here, the preposition “to” means ‘with’ according to the hadiths pointing out how ablution is performed, and through which it is stated that the whole feet must be washed ‘including’ the ankles.

5- Sequence

The decreed sequence has to be observed while performing wudu. To clarify, one begins with washing the face, followed by the hands, then wipes over the head, and finally washes the feet, as clearly shown in the verse Allah says:

O you who have believed, when you rise to (perform) prayer, wash your faces and your forearms to the elbows and wipe over your heads and wash your feet to the ankles· (Al-Ma’idah 5:6)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) used to follow that order while performing ablution, saying:

“This is an ablution without which Allah does not accept any prayer·” (Abu Dawud)

6- Succession

This means to wash the organs successively without any interval between washing the organs, i.e. the organs must be washed successively without pause as much as possible.

These are the obligatory acts of wudu that must fulfilled as commanded by Allah in His Book, the Qur’an.

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The article is an excerpt from the author’s book “A Summary of Islamic Jurisprudence”.

 

Dr. Salih Al-Fawzan is a Professor of Islamic Jurisprudence, Member of the Board of Senior Ulema & Member of the Permanent Committee for Fatwa and Research.

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How to Find Comfort and Sweetness in Prayer (Salah)?

Comfort and Sweetness in Prayer (Salah)

Question:

I do not pray the obligatory salah (the five daily prayers) on regular basis and when I pray, I do so because I fear the consequences. I want to know how to maintain my prayer?

Answer:

In the name of Allah, we praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright.

It was narrated that a man said, I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) as saying: “O Bilal, call iqamah for prayer: give us comfort by it.” (Authenticated by Al-Albani)

This hadith declares that if we are serious about wanting to achieve tranquility of the heart, we need to start with prayer. We should not look at the prayer as a burden or the consequences of not offering prayer. We should look at it as a source of comfort, peace of mind and coolness of one’s eyes.

In this short video, Dr. Muhammad Salah gives us some precious advice in how to feel comfort and sweetness in prayer.



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Source: Huda Youtube Channel. 

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Tarawih, Eid Prayers to Be Performed at Home as Coronavirus Precaution

Tarawih, Eid Prayers to Be Performed at Home as Coronavirus Precaution

By Truth Seeker Staff

TarawhiPeople will have to perform Tarawih and Eid prayers at home to prevent spreading coronavirus, Saudi Arabia’s grand mufti said Friday.

Abdul Aziz bin Abdullah Al Al-Sheikh was responding to people’s queries ahead of Ramadan, which starts next week.

“As it will not be possible to hold Tarawih prayers at mosques this year due to the preventive measures taken by authorities to fight the novel coronavirus, people will have to perform them at home to obtain the virtue of praying during the blessed nights of Ramadan,” said Al Al-Sheikh.

“It has been established that Prophet Mohammed performed these prayers at home, and it is known that Tarawih is Sunnah and not obligatory. If the status quo persists, making it impossible to hold Eid Prayer at mosques, people will have to pray at home and no sermon will follow the Eid prayer.”

He said that the Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta had issued a fatwa that it was desirable for whoever missed congregational Eid Prayers to perform it without a sermon following it.

“If making up the prayer for those who missed it with the imam is desirable, this gives us all the more reason to perform the prayer in countries where the congregation is not held because this includes performing the ritual however possible.”

He added that the last date for people to pay Zakat Al-Fitr was before the sunrise of Eid Al-Fitr.

Meanwhile, the secretary-general of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Dr. Yousef A. Al-Othaimeen, said that one of the five imperatives of Shari`ah was saving lives, especially in the face of “an invisible enemy,” where all components of society had the duty to fight it.

He was speaking during a video call held by the OIC International Islamic Fiqh Academy (IIFA) about the global health emergency.

Al-Othaimeen added:

“The participants in the symposium have a great legal and humanitarian responsibility to explain Shari`ah provisions about dealing with this pandemic, raising awareness of its seriousness, and highlighting the licenses and necessities called for in studies of Fiqh of calamities. We also need to urge everyone to adhere to the necessary preventive measures taken by governments to confront this pandemic.”

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Take with editorial adjustments from Arab News.

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Precious Advice to Offer Prayer (Salah) Consistently

Precious Advice to Offer Prayer (Salah) Consistently

Prayer (Salah) is Allah’s most favorite form of worship. It creates a direct connection between the Lord and His slave. Offering the five daily prayers every day is an act of loving Allah Almighty not on your own terms but on His.

The daily prayers essentially make up the very backbone of what it means to be a Muslim – it keeps us high in faith every single day. Hence, every Muslim must incorporate the five daily prayers in his/her everyday life. 

Prayer was not ordained by Allah Almighty to burden mankind, but was introduced to serve as a means to help and guide them. It is through Prayer that a person develops a solid relationship with Allah Almighty, which goes beyond just words and oaths. 

It was narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) declare that Allah the Exalted had said: “I have divided the prayer into two halves between Me and My servant, and My servant will receive what he asks. When the servant says: Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the universe, Allah the Most High says: My servant has praised Me. And when he (the servant) says: The Most Compassionate, the Merciful, Allah the Most High says: My servant has lauded Me. And when he (the servant) says: Master of the Day of judgment, He remarks: My servant has glorified Me. and sometimes He would say: My servant entrusted (his affairs) to Me. And when he (the worshiper) says: Thee do we worship and of Thee do we ask help, He (Allah) says: This is between Me and My servant, and My servant will receive what he asks for. Then, when he (the worshiper) says: Guide us to the straight path, the path of those to whom Thou hast been Gracious not of those who have incurred Thy displeasure, nor of those who have gone astray, He (Allah) says: This is for My servant, and My servant will receive what he asks for.” (Muslim

Do not miss watching this important talk about the virtues and importance of Prayer for the Muslim. 


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Source: Huda Youtube Channel.

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How to Pray the Nafl Prayers Regularly?

How to Pray the Nafl Prayers Regularly?

Pray the Nafl Prayers (Sunnah) Regularly

Um Habibah narrated that Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever prays twelve rak`ahs in a day and night, a house will be built from him in Paradise: four rak`ahs before Zhuhr, two rak`ahs after it, two rak`ahs after Maghrib, two rak`ahs after `Isha’, and two rak`ahs before Fajr in the morning Salat.” (At-Trimidhi) 

Nafl or Sunnah prayers are very beneficial and important. Offering the Sunnah acts of worship is a sign and evidence for following the Prophet (peace be upon him). It is optional and voluntary. The Muslim is not sinful for neglecting nafl, but is rewarded for doing it. Therefore, nafl worship is recommended. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) narrated from Allah Most High that He said, “And my servant continues to draw closer to me by voluntary actions until I love him…” (Al-Bukhari)

It was also narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “The first thing that the people will be called to account for on the Day of Resurrection will be the prayers. Our Lord will say to the angels although He knows better: ‘Look into the prayer (formal obligatory prayer) of my servant to see if he observed it perfectly or has been negligent in it.’ So if he observed it perfectly it will be recorded to his credit, but if he had been negligent in it in any way, Allah would say: ‘See if My servant has any extra prayers.’ Then if he has any extra prayers, Allah would say: ‘Make up the deficiency in My servant’s obligatory prayer with his supererogatory prayers.’ Thereafter all his actions will be examined in like manner”. (Abu Dawud)

Voluntary prayers, whether in gratitude for Allah’s numerous bounties or for guidance, or a need help us find direction in life, supplement our spiritual efforts, and enter us into the infinite grace and mercy of Allah. Allah the Almighty says,

Recite, [O Muhammad], what has been revealed to you of the Book and establish prayer. Indeed, prayer prohibits immorality and wrongdoing, and the remembrance of Allah is greater. And Allah knows that which you do. (Al-`Ankabut 29:45)

Prayer is indeed the ultimate gift.

In this short video, Dr. Muhammad Salah gives us some advice on how to pray the nafl prayers regularly. 



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Source: Huda Youtube Channel.

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What Are The Virtues of Praying On Regular Basis?

What Are The Virtues of Praying On Regular Basis?

There are many virtues of praying regularly:

1- Prayer is one of the most virtues acts in Islam, and most beloved to Almighty Allah.

It was narrated that `Abdullah ibn `Amr said: “The Messenger of Allah said: ‘Adhere to righteousness even though you will not be able to do all acts of virtue. Know that among the best of your deeds is prayer and that no one maintains his ablution except a believer.’” (Ibn Majah)

2- Prayer prevents immoral sins and evil deeds:

Almighty Allah says,

And establish prayer. Indeed, prayer prohibits immorality and wrongdoing. (Al-`Ankabut 29:45)

3- Prayer expiates sins:

Jabir (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “The similitude of the five (obligatory) Prayer is like a river running at the door of one of you in which he takes a bath five times a day.” (Muslim)

Abu Hurairah reported: The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “The five daily (prescribed) Prayer, and Friday (prayer) to the next Friday (prayer), and the fasting of Ramadan to the next Ramadan, is expiation of the sins committed in between them, so long as major sins are avoided.” (Muslim)

4- Guarding prayer is light, proof, and salvation:

Abdullah ibn `Amr reported: The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Whoever guards his prayers will have light, proof, and salvation on the Day of Resurrection. Whoever does not guard his prayers will not have light, nor proof, nor salvation. On the Day of Resurrection, he will be with Qarun, Pharaoh, Haman, and Ubay ibn Khalaf.” (Musnad Ahmad)

5- Prayer elevates one’s ranks and expiates sins:

Thauban (May Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) saying, “Perform Salah more often. For every prostration that you perform before Allah will raise your position one degree and will remit one of your sins”. (Muslim)

6- It rescues from Hell, protects against danger, and enables a person to win Paradise:

It was narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “The one who prays before sunrise (Fajr prayer) and before sunset (`Asr prayer) will not enter Hell Fire.” (Muslim)

To know more about the virtues of offering the five daily prayers on regular basis, watch this interesting talk with Dr. Muhammad Salah.



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Source: Huda Youtube Channel.

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Those Who Have Abandoned the Prayer

Those Who Have Abandoned the Prayer

  • O You who have abandoned the prayer, what is left of your Islam after you have abandoned them?! Do not you know that it is the backbone of Islam and an indication of your belief?!
  • You who have abandoned prayers! All creatures prostrate to Allah except for you, while Allah Almighty says:

“See you not that whoever is in the heavens and whoever is on the earth, the sun, the moon, the stars, the mountains, the trees, Ad-Dawab [moving (living) creatures, beasts], and many of mankind prostrate themselves to Allah?! But there are many (men) on whom the punishment is justified.” (Al-Hajj: 18)

If you do not pray, then you will be among those on whom the punishment is justified.

  • O you who have abandoned prayers! Do not you know that abandoning it is an act of disbelief, as the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “The pledge between us and them  is (expressed by their performance of) the prayer; whosoever abandons it has disbelieved.” (Ahmad)
Those Who Have Abandoned The Prayer

All creatures prostrate to Allah

  • O you who have abandoned prayers! Do not you know that slackening in it is a form of hypocrisy?! Allah says:

Indeed, the hypocrites [think to] deceive Allah, but He is deceiving them. And when they stand for prayer, they stand lazily, showing [themselves to] the people and not remembering Allah except a little.” (An-Nisa’: 142)

Do you not see that the hypocrites during the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him) would pray, although to be seen, while you don’t pray at all?!

  • O you who have abandoned prayers! Do not you know that abandoning it causes heedlessness and hardness of the heart, as the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Let  the people stop abandoning the Friday prayer, or else Allah will surely seal their hearts, and they will become of the heedless.”” (Muslim)
  • O you who have abandoned prayers! Do not you know that this leads to the punishment in Hell, as Allah says:

[And asking them], “What put you into Saqar? They will say, “We were not of those who prayed. (Al-Muddaththir: 42-43)

  • O you who have abandoned prayers! Do not you know that abandoning it causes worry, disorder and a difficult life, Allah says:

And whoever turns away from My remembrance – indeed, he will have a depressed life, and We will gather him on the Day of Resurrection blind.” He will say, “My Lord, why have you raised me blind while I was [once] seeing?” [ Allah ] will say, “Thus did Our signs come to you, and you forgot them; and thus will you this Day be forgotten.” (Ta-ha: 124-126)

What a pity and a waste! How is it that the years of your life are passing, and your heart is veiled from worshiping Allah; how can you depart this life and you did not taste the best of it?! Indeed the best of this life is worshiping Allah, mentioning Him and expressing your gratitude to Him.

  • O you who have abandoned prayers! What remains to be important to you in your religion if you give no importance to your prayer? Do not you know that one who abandons prayer finds it easier to abandon other acts of worship?!

Repent, O heedless one, to Allah, before death comes to you while you have abandoned the prayer.

O you who have slackened in your prayer!!

What are you going to do after you learned about the great virtues of prayer?

What are you going to do after knowing the abundant awards set for those who pray?

What are you going to do after you learned about the punishment awaiting those who abandon it?

Are you going to continue slighting and neglecting your prayer?

Will you still insist to sleep through your prayers or delay them after their prescribed times?

Dear brother! Where is your ambition? Where is your strong determination? Where is your readiness for Paradise? Where is your adherence to the prescribed timings for prayers? Where is your early arrival for the Friday and congregational prayers?

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Source: Respond to the Call of Prayer’s Book.

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The Fruits and Virtues of Prayer

The Fruits and Virtues of Prayer

The Fruits and Virtues of Prayer

1- It was prescribed in the heavens the night the Prophet (peace be upon him) ascended to the heavens, while the commands for the remaining acts of worship were revealed to the Prophet (peace be upon him) on earth. This indicates its great importance, sacredness and status.

2- It is the only pillar which is repeated five times each day, and it is never waved except for a woman experiencing her menstrual period or post partum bleeding.

3- It is the one of the most virtuous and most beloved of deeds to Allah as the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “…know that the best of your deeds is the prayer, and only a true believer maintains the state of ablution.” (Ahmad)

4- It is the backbone of Islam, and brings pleasure to the eyes of pious. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “The most important of all matters is Islam, its backbone is the prayer, and its highest level is Jihad for the sake of Allah.” (Ahmad)

The Fruits And Virtues Of Prayer

5- It is a proof of one’s Islam, a sign of belief, and it preserves a person’s blood from being shed. Allah says what means “But if they repent [by rejecting Shirk (polytheism) and accept Islamic Monotheism], perform Prayer (Iqamat-as- Salat) and give Zakat, then they are your brethren in religion.” (At-Tawbah: 2)

6- It is a sign of honesty and frees a person from hypocrisy. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Whosoever prays forty days with the congregation, attending the initial (Allahu Akbar) of the prayer will be free of two things: Hellfire and hypocrisy.” (Ahmad)

7- It is the best issue to be occupied with, the most profitable business, and the most likely amongst all acts of worship to cause a person to become humble and submissive. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Prayer is the best thing to be occupied with, so whoever is able to perform much of it then let him do so.” (Ahmad)

8- It is a command from Allah, an advice of the Prophet (peace be upon him), and a feature which distinguishes the people of Islam and faith. Allah Almighty says what means, “Guard strictly (five obligatory) As- Salawat (the prayers) and stand before Allah with obedience.” (Al-Baqarah: 238)

9- It elevates the ranks and expiates sins, as the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Tell me, if there were a river in front of one’s house in which he would bath five times a day, would any dirt remain on him? They said: “No dirt will remain on him.” He then said, “That is the example of the five daily obligatory prayers, for through them Allah erases sins.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

10- It secures one from the Hellfire, protects against danger, and makes a person win Paradise. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “The one who prays before sunrise (Fajr prayer) and before sunset (`Asr prayer) will not enter the Hellfire.” (Muslim)

11- It is a sign for success and victory and an indication of being accepted. Allah Almighty says, “Successful indeed are the believers. Those who offer their Salat (prayers) with all solemnity and full submissiveness,” (Al- Mu’minun: l-2) and also, “…and those who strictly guard their (five compulsory congregational) Salawat (prayers) (at their fixed stated hours). These are indeed the inheritors. Who shall inherit the Firdaus (Paradise). They shall dwell therein forever.” (Al-Mu’minun: 9-11)

12- It is the first thing for which the slave will be held accountable. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “The first thing for which the slave will be held accountable for on the day of Resurrection is his prayer; if it is good (by performing it properly and on time), then the rest of his deeds will be good, and if it is ruined (by neglecting it), then the rest of his deeds will be ruined.” (At-Tabarani)

13- It is a provision for the way, a comfort for the soul and body, a light for the heart, purification for the soul and a sign for salvation. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “O Bilal! Call the Iqamah! Bring us comfort by it!” (Ahmad and Abu Dawud)

14- It frustrates Satan and the disbelievers. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “When the son of Adam recites a verse which recommends him to prostrate and he does, Satan starts crying and says, ‘Woe to me, the son of Adam followed what he was commanded and he will get Paradise as a reward, while I was commanded to prostrate and refused and will enter Hell.” (Muslim)

15- It is a form of expressing appreciation and gratitude, as well as being a treasure full of magnification of Allah glorification and praise of Him. When the Prophet (peace be upon him) was asked about the reason behind his excessive prayer, he (peace be upon him) said, “Shouldn’t I be a thankful slave?!” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

16- It protects against following desires, evil sins and cures from sicknesses, as Allah says, “Verily, As-Salat (the prayer) prevents from Al-Fahsha‘ (i.e. great sins of every kind, unlawful sexual intercourse) and Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism, and every kind of evil wicked deed)” (Al-`Ankabut: 45).

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Pray the optional night prayer, for it is the way of righteous before you; it brings you close to your Lord, prevents you from committing sins, expiates your sins and cures you from sicknesses.” (At-Tirmithi)

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Source: Respond to the Call for Prayer’s book.

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Making Up The Missed Nafl Prayers: Allowed?

Making Up The Missed Nafl Prayers: Allowed?

Making Up the Missed Nafl Prayers

Question:

Is it permissible to make up the nafl prayers (sunnah prayers) in case I missed them such as offering the sunnah before or after Zhuhr (Noon Prayer) after `Asr (Afternoon Prayer)? 

Answer:

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright.

There is an authentic evidence in the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him) that it is permitted for one to offer the missed nafl prayers after their prescribed times. 

It was narrated that Um Salamah says: “Messenger of Allah, I heard you prohibiting these two rak`ahs, whereas I saw you observing them; and if he (the Prophet) points with his hand (to wait), then do wait. The slave-girl did like that. He (the Prophet) pointed out with his hand and she got aside and waited, and when he had finished (the prayer) he said: “Daughter of Abu Umaiyah. you have asked about the two rak`ahs after the `Asr prayer. Some people of ‘Abu Al-Qais came to me for embracing Islam and hindered me from observing the two rak`ahs which come after the noon prayer. So those are the two I have been praying.” (Bukhari and Muslim) 

`A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said, “If the Prophet (peace be upon him) did not pray four rak`ahs before Zhuhr, he would pray them afterwards.” (Authenticated by Al-Albani) 



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Source: Huda Youtube Channel. 

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Devotion in Various Acts in Prayer

Devotion in Various Acts in Prayer

The devotion of standing upright before Allah in prayer comes into effect when the slave devotes his attention to the Greatness of Allah and His Attribute of Self-subsistence, as this will ensure that he turns neither his face nor his eyes from side to side.

The devotion of the statement “Allah is the Greatest” by which the slave commences the prayer is realized when the slave devotes his attention and focus to Allah’s greatness, glory, and exaltation.

Devotion in Various Acts in Prayer

Devotion in Various Acts in Prayer

Opening Supplication: The devotion of the opening supplication happens when the servant extols and glorifies and praises Him profusely, ascribing to Him all that befits Him and declares His transcendence above everything that does not befit Him, and praises Him for His Attributes and Perfection.

Ta`awudh (seeking Allah’s protection from Satan): The devotion of taking refuge in Allah from the accursed Satan is realized by having confidence and faith that Allah shall support him, protect him and aid him against Satan.

 Recitation: The devotion of reciting the Qur’an lies in the slave’s endeavor to learn about Allah through His Words as if trying to see Him through His revelation. One of the righteous Salaf said: Allah manifests Himself to His slaves through His Speech (i.e. Qur’an). It is, however, the case that the degree of devotion while reciting and praying varies from one person to another, and the difference between them is like the difference between the one whose both eyes are sound and unimpaired, and the one-eyed individual, the blind person, the deaf person, etc. in their levels of perception. The slave should be as heedful as possible to His Essence, Attributes, Actions, Commandments, Laws, and Names.

Ruku`: The devotion of bowing down is contained in being mindful to the Greatness and the Pride of Allah, Exalted be He. For that reason, it is prescribed for him to say while he is in the state of bowing down, "Glory to my Lord, the Most High". 

Raising up from the ruku`: After he rises up from his bowing stance, he should focus his attention upon glorifying and praising Allah repeatedly, so as to manifest his servitude to Him, the One in whose Hand is the sole authority to bestow and deny.

When the servant falls into prostration, he ought to focus his attention on feeling his nearness to Him, overwhelmed in humility in the hope that He forgives him, guides him, sustains him, protects him and bestows His mercy upon him. Then, when he raises his head and adopts the sitting posture, his inner condition takes on a different nature, one that is similar to the condition of the pilgrim when he performs the last circumambulation because at that point, his heart begins to realize that he is about to complete his prayer and with it leave this blessed condition that he is experiencing and that soon he will be returning to the dreariness of his worldly affairs that he had detached himself from just before standing before his Lord. Once again he will be subject to the feelings of pain and anguish that his heart endured before he started praying, all of which melted away as soon as he commenced his prayer. At that point, his heart rushes to enjoy the nearness of Allah for the last time, to bask in His grace, and to be saved from the disruptiveness of his worldly affairs.

The feeling of bitterness he endures is due to his recognition that all this lasts only as long as he is praying. At this stage, the heart cannot but feel burdened and troubled knowing that all this is about to end and that he is about to return to these worldly affairs and concerns. This agitates the slave to the point that he starts wishing that this prayer were the final act of his life. Not to mention the slave’s awareness that as soon as he finishes praying, he will resume communicating with those who bring him nothing but concerns, worries, and harm after he had been invoking and supplicating his Lord. However, this kind of feeling cannot be experienced except by those whose hearts are alive with the remembrance and love of Allah and who are cognizant of the negative effect that mankind leaves on their hearts. This is because interacting with people puts him in the way of harm and worries, agitates his heart and makes him overlook or miss good deeds, not to mention causing him to commit more sins. More importantly, it distracts him from invoking Allah, the most High.

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Source: Quoted with slight modifications from Ibn Al-Qaiym The Inner Dimensions of the Prayer

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