What Is the Importance of Ablution?

What Is the Importance of Ablution?

Islam requires both physical and spiritual cleanliness. On the physical side, a true Muslims should clean his/her body, clothes, home, community, and he/she is rewarded by Allah for doing so. This cleansing was practiced in Christianity as well, and was mentioned in the Bible.

Regarding the acts of worship such as prayer, all Muslims are required to make the ritual cleansing (wudu’) before standing and offering prayer before the Almighty Allah.

Here, Sheikh Bilal Philips talks about the importance of ablution during a session that was organized by Qatar Islamic Cultural Center (FANAR). He begins his talk by reminding the audience with faith and how the Muslim can maintain the relationship with Allah and His beloved Messenger (peace be upon him).

Then he starts talking about the key of prayer and one of its principles that is ablution. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “There is no prayer for one who does not have ablution, and there is no ablution for one who does not mention the Name of Allah (before it).” (Ibn Majah and Abu Dawud)

Enjoy watching this interesting talk with Sheikh Bilal Philips to learn more about the importance of ablution.


Source: DigitalMimber Channel on youtube.      

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Rulings of Istihadah

Rulings of Istihadah

Istihadah is totally different from Hayd (menstrual period) in its rulings. Istihadah does not prevent a woman from offering the acts of worship. 

Istihadah (irregular bleeding) is the vaginal bleeding of a woman. It could be continuous or it may remain for a short period of time. 

It was narrated from Fatimah bint Abi Hubaish that she suffered from Istihadah. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said to her: “If it is menstrual blood, then it is blood that is black and recognizable, so stop praying, and if it is other than that then perform Wudu’ (ablution), for it is just a (bleeding) vein.” (An-Nasa’i

Does Hayd prevent a woman from offering the acts of worship? Does istihadah prevent a woman from making `Umrah? How could a woman who suffer from irregular bleeding offer Prayer and Fasting? 

Find the answers and more about the rulings of Istihadah on this short talk with Dr. Muhammad Salah. 


Source: Huda Youtube Channel. 

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What Are the Types of Blood Seen by Women?

What Are the Types of Blood Seen by Women?

There are three types of blood that a woman experiences:

Menstruation (Al-Haid)

In Arabic, the word Haid literally means the flowing and course of something.

In Islamic Law, it refers to the blood that flows from the uterus of a female at a particular time (in the month) and without any cause, when she is healthy.

The Description of Menstrual Blood

Its color is black, as though it is burnt, it is accompanied by abdominal pains, and has an objectionable odor. The woman also might feel particularly hot during her cycle.

Age of Menstruation

There is no particular age when menstruation starts. It differs according to the environment, weather and nature of each female. Whenever a female sees this blood, then she is a menstruating woman.

Period of Menstruation

There is no particular limit for menstruation. There are some women who menstruate for three days, and some four days, but the most it can be is for six or seven days. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said to Hamnah bint Jahsh who used to menstruate for many days: “Observe your menses for six or seven days, Allah alone knows which it should be. After that you must take a bath.” (Abu Dawud)

Issues for Discussion

A fundamental principle in Islamic Law is that a pregnant woman does not menstruate. But when a pregnant woman sees blood when the time for delivery approaches, and this is accompanied with pains (contractions), then this blood is deemed as post–natal bleeding. But if it is not accompanied with pain or if it occurred far from the time of delivery, then it is menstrual blood.

Among the rulings of Menstruation

  1. The Rulings on Al-Kudrah and As-Sufrah

As-Sufrah is the pale yellow blood that flows from a female.

Al-Kudrah is black or very, very dark blood.

The Ruling of Al-Kudrah and As-Sufrah

When a woman sees pale yellow blood or black blood, or sees usual wetness, then her situation is either of the following:

A-  She sees it during the period of menstruation or right before the time of purity (from menstruation).

In this condition, the ruling regarding one who menstruates applies for her. This is in accordance with the hadeeth narrated by `A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her).

She stated that the women used to use pieces of cloth similar to pads during their menstrual cycles. When they saw the cotton stained with pale yellow blood, she would say to them: “Do not be in haste. Wait until you see the whitish discharge.” She meant that it (the whitish discharge) is the sign of purity from menstruation.”

B- Or she sees it after purification (from menstruation).

In this situation, it will not be regarded or given any consideration. Neither wudu’ (ablution) nor ghusl is therefore imperative on her. This is according to the hadith narrated by Um `Atiyah when she said: “We used to not regard Al-Kudrah and As-Sufrah as (being) important after purification.” ( Abu Dawud)

2- The Ruling of Intermittent Menstruation

If a woman sees menstrual blood on a day and purity on another her situation is either of the following:

A- The blood flows continuously from her without stopping.

This is a condition known as Al-Istihadhah (Irregular bleeding).

B- The flow of the blood is discontinuous or intermittent.

If the flow of blood ceases sometimes and runs at other times, then its ruling is as follows:

  1. If the blood flow stops for less than a day, that day is counted as part of a menstrual period.
  2. If she sees what indicates purity (e.g. a whitish discharge) at this time, this is considered the end of menstruation. She then is regarded as being pure, regardless of whether the blood has stopped recently or a long time ago, or it stopped more or less than a day ago.


It is the continuous flow of blood from the vagina of a woman. It doesn’t stop at all or it stops for only a short while.

Differences Between Menstrual and Istihadah Blood

Menstrual Blood Istihadah Blood
Thick and Blackish Light Red In Color
Has An Objectionable, Foul Odor No Odor
Does not Form Clots
Flows from the Upper Part of the Uterus. Flows from a Vein in the Lower Part of the Uterus.
Natural and a Sign of Good Health. Flows as a Result of an Irregularity or Sickness/Disease.
Flows at a known time-period. Has no Known Period


Various Situations of One Experiencing Istihadah

1- That she had a set period for her menses before the occurrence of istihadah.

In this case, she first apportions this number of days for her menses, and then counts the remaining days as istihadah. `A’ishah reported that Fatimah bint Abi Hubaish said : “O messenger of Allah, my menses do not stop, do I leave Salah?” He replied: “No, that is what flows from a blood vessel. You should not observe Salah for the number of days you usually have menstruation, then take a bath afterwards and observe Salat.” (Al-Bukhari)

2- She did not have a set period for her menses, but she is capable of distinguishing between menstrual and istihadah blood.

If this is her case, she distinguishes between the two types of blood. It is confirmed from Fatimah bint Abi Hubaish that she used to suffer from istihadah and the Prophet (peace be upon him) said to her: “If it is menstrual blood, which is a known dark blood, then do not observe prayer. But if it is the other (Istihadah blood), just perform wudu’, then observe prayer, because that is a flow from a blood vessel.” (Abu Dawud)

3- She did not have a set time for her cycle and she is not capable of distinguishing between the two-menstrual blood and istihadah blood.

In this case, she apportions the most common number of days that most women menstruate, for her menses. This is usually six to seven days in every month. She starts counting the days of her menstrual cycle from the time she first sees blood, and she takes the remaining days in the month to be Al-Istihadah. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said to Hamnah bint Jahsh: “Observe your menses for six or seven days, Allah alone knows which it should be; then wash. And when you see that you are purified and quite clean, pray for the next twenty-three or twenty-four days and nights and fast, for that will be enough for you. And do so every month, just as women menstruate and are purified at the time of their menstruation and their purification.” (Abu Dawud)

If you want to know more, do not miss watching the video to realize the signs of post-natal bleeding and the forbidden acts as a result of menstrual and post-natal bleeding.


Source: http://en.al-feqh.net

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When and How to Perform Ghusl

When and How to Perform Ghusl

Requirements of Ghusl (Ritual Bath) 


What are the requirements of ghusl (ritual bath)? How could we perform it?


Ghusl simply means to wash the entire body with water. Almighty Allah says:

O you who have believed, do not approach prayer while you are intoxicated until you know what you are saying or in a state of janabah, except those passing through [a place of prayer], until you have washed [your whole body]. (An-Nisaa’ 4:43)

There are some cases in which ghusl is required as follows:

1- If there is a discharge of semen due to sexual intercourse, stimulation or because of erotic dream for both men and women. Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “The water (of the ghusl) is due to the water (of sexual emission)”. (Muslim)

2- At the end of the menstrual period for women.

3- At the end of the post-childbirth bleeding for women also.

After that Dr. Muhammad Salah explains the authentic method of performing ghusl (ritual bath).

Maimunah narrated: “I placed water for the bath of Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) and he poured water over his hands and washed them twice or thrice; then he poured water with his right hand over his left and washed his private parts (with his left hand). He rubbed his hand over the earth and rinsed his mouth and washed his nose by putting water in it and blowing it out. After that he washed his face, both fore arms and head thrice and then poured water over his body. He withdrew from that place and washed his feet.” (Al-Bukhari)

Enjoy watching this interesting talk to know the cases that necessitate ghusl and how to perform it in the correct manner.


Source: Iqra Youtube Channel.

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What Is the Difference Between Mani and Madhi?

What Is the Difference Between Mani and Madhi?

Difference Between Mani and Madhi


I cannot distinguish between the excretion which comes out from the private parts. Is it an impure excretion that necessitates ghusl (ritual bath) or is it something that only requires washing off the private parts and performing wudu’ (ablution) before offering prayer?


Al-Mani (semen) is a thick white fluid that discharges by male or female as a result of sexual ejaculation. In such case, one has to perform ghusl whether male or female. If the discharge of sperm is due to illness or extreme cold, then there is need to perform ghusl. The majority of scholars are of the view that sperm is pure.

Al-Madhi is a sexual discharge that come out due to sexual arousal, e.g. sexual thoughts or foreplay. It comes out from both male and female. There is a consensus among scholars that madhi is impure. In such case, one has to wash his private parts, washing off any impurity on the clothes, and

`A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) was asked about a person who found moisture (on his body or clothes) but did not remember the sexual dream. He replied: He should take a bath. He was asked about a person who remembered that he had a sexual dream but did not find moisture. He replied: Bath is not necessary for him.” (Authenticated by Al-Albani)

If one wakes up and remembers that he had a wet dream, but he does not find any witness around his private parts or on his clothes, then he does not have to perform ghusl. Umm Salamah narrated that Umm Sulaim, the wife Abu Talhah said, “O Allah’s Messenger! Allah is not ashamed of the truth. Is a ghusl (bath) compulsory for a woman when she has a sexual dream?” He (peace be upon him) replied, “Yes! When she sees signs of liquid” (Agreed upon)

Do not miss watching this important fatwa with Dr. Muhammad Salah to realize the difference between mani, madhi and the wet dream.


Source: Iqra Youtube Channel.

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Discover How Islam Cares About Cleanliness

Discover How Islam Cares About Cleanliness

There are many texts from the Qur’an and the Sunnah that place emphasis on cleanliness. The Prophet (peace be upon him) gave a great attention to the cleanliness and purification of a Muslim. Jabir ibn `Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) paid visit to us, and saw a disheveled man whose hair was disordered. He said: “Could this man not find something to make his hair lie down?” He saw another man wearing dirty clothes and said: “Could this man not find something to wash his garments with”. (Abu Dawud)

How Does Islam Encourage Cleanliness

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Cleanliness is half of faith”.

By: Editorial Staff

Aspects of cleanliness in Islam:

1- One of the characteristics of Muslim men that make them gain the love of Allah

A mosque founded on righteousness from the first day is more worthy for you to stand in. Within it are men who love to purify themselves; and Allah loves those who purify themselves. (At-Tawbah 9:108)   

2- Purification is an essential condition for many acts of worship such as Prayer and holding the Qur’an  

Abu Hurairah narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Allah does not accept prayer of anyone of you if he does hadath (passes urine, stool or wind) till he performs the ablution (anew). (Al-Bukhari)

In a Register well-protected. None touch it except the purified. (Al-Waqi`ah 56:78-79)

3- Cleaning oneself after defecating or urinating

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Beware of (smearing yourselves with) urine, because it is the main cause of punishment in the grave”. (Ad-Daraqutni)

4- It is highly recommended Sunnah to bathe before going to Friday Prayer

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: ‘Anyone of you going out for the Friday prayer should take a bath”. (Al-Bukhari)

5- Islam makes cleanliness as half of faith

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Cleanliness is half of faith”. (Muslim)

6- Prohibition of sexual intercourse in menstruation

And they ask you about menstruation. Say, “It is harm, so keep away from wives during menstruation. And do not approach them until they are pure. And when they have purified themselves, then come to them from where Allah has ordained for you. Indeed, Allah loves those who are constantly repentant and loves those who purify themselves. (Al-Baqarah 2:222)

7- Obligation of ablution before prayer five times a day

Abu Hurairah said, I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) saying, “Say, if there were a river at the door of one of you in which he takes a bath five times a day, would any soiling remain on him?” They replied, “No soiling would left on him.” He (peace be upon him) said, ” That is the five (obligatory) Salat (prayers). Allah obliterates all sins as a result of performing them.” (Agreed Upon)

8- Whoever preserves the cleanliness of his body will come on the Day of Resurrection with bright faces.

I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) saying: “On the Day of Resurrection, my followers (or Ummah) will be summoned ‘Al-Ghurr Al-Muhajjalun‘ from the traces of wudu’. Whoever can increase the area of his radiance should do so.”  (Agreed Upon)

9- Islam exhorts the Purity and cleanliness of clothes

 And your clothing purify. (Al-Muddaththir 74:4)

When the Prophet (peace be upon him) saw man wearing dirty clothes he said: “Could this man not find something to wash his garments with.” (Abu Dawud)

10- Islam urges cleaning and purifying courtyards

Salih bin Abi Hassan said: “I heard Sa`id ibn Musayab saying: ‘Indeed Allah is Tayib (good) and he loves Tayib (what is good), and He is Nazhif (clean) and He loves cleanliness, He is Karim (kind) and He loves kindness, He is Jawad (generous) and He loves generosity. So your courtyards, and do not resemble the Jews.” (At-Tirmidhi)

11- Islam encourages cleaning the teeth

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “The Miswak (tooth-stick) cleanses and purifies the mouth and pleases the Lord.” (An-Nasa’i)

12- Islam places emphasis  on the cleanliness of the place of prayer

Abu Hurairah said, A Bedouin stood up and started making water in the mosque. The people caught him but the Prophet (peace be upon him) ordered them to leave him and to pour a bucket or a tumbler of water over the place where he had passed the urine. The Prophet (peace be upon him) then said, “You have been sent to make things easy and not to make them difficult.” (Muslim)

13- Islam encourages its followers to wear beautiful clothes and put perfumes. 

 “O children of Adam, take your adornment at every masjid…” (Al-`Araf 7:31)

The Messenger of Allah said: ‘In this world, women and perfume have been made dear to me, and my comfort has been provided in prayer.” (An-Nasa’i)

14- Islam encourages cleaning the roads

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “The deeds of my people, good and bad, were presented before me, and I found the removal of harmful objects from the road among their good deeds.” (Muslim)

15- Islam encourages cleanliness before sleep

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Whenever you go to bed, perform wudu’ as you do for prayer…” (Agreed Upon)

16- Islam encourages washing hands after meals and before sleep

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “If anyone spends the night with grease on his hand which he has not washed away, he can blame only himself if some trouble comes to him”. (Abu Dawud)

17- Islam encourages rinsing the mouth after eating

Ibn `Abbas said, “Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) drank milk and then rinsed his mouth and said, “It contains fat.” (Al-Bukhari)

 18- Islam places emphasis on Muslims’ cleanliness obligations (Sunan Al-Fitrah)

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Ten are the acts according to fitrah: clipping the moustache, letting the beard grow, using the tooth-stick, snuffing water in the nose, cutting the nails, washing the finger joints, plucking the hair under the armpits, shaving the pubes and cleaning one’s private parts with water.” (Muslim)

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